Forecast Informed Reservoir Operations

FIRO is a proposed management strategy that uses data from watershed monitoring and modern weather and water forecasting to help water managers selectively retain or release water from reservoirs in a manner that reflects current and forecasted conditions.

FIRO is being developed and tested as a collaborative effort in the Russian River Basin (Lake Mendocino) and the Santa Ana River Basin (Prado Dam) that engages experts and stakeholders in civil engineering, hydrology, meteorology, biology, economics and climate from several federal, state and local, universities and others. There is significant interest and support for developing FIRO at other appropriate locations in the Western U.S. and elsewhere.

Lake Mendocino
Prado Dam

Jay Jasperse

(Sonoma Water)

F. Martin Ralph

(Center for Western Weather and Water Extremes at Scripps Institution of Oceanography)

Michael Anderson

(California State Climate Office, Department of Water Resources)

Levi Brekke

(Bureau of Reclamation)

Michael Dettinger

(United States Geologic Survey)

Nick Malasavage

(US Army Corps of Engineers)

Alan Haynes

(Caifornia Nevada River Forecast Center, NWS)

Joseph Forbis

(US Army Corps of Engineers)

Natalie Manning

(NOAA Restoration Center)

Cary Talbot

(US Army Corps of Engineers)

Robert Webb

(NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory)

Arleen O’Donnell

(Eastern Research Group)

Ann Dubay

(Sonoma Water)

David Ford

(David Ford Consulting)

Rob Hartman

(RKH Consulting Services)

Sixth Annual Forecast Informed Reservoir Operations (FIRO) Workshop Presentations

FIRO Approach and FrameworkMarty Ralph, Center for Western Weather and Water Extremes (NO PRESENTATION)

Lake MendocinoJay Jasperse, Sonoma Water

Prado DamGreg Woodside, Orange County Water District

YubaCurt Aikens, Yuba Water agency

FeatherJohn Leahigh, California Department of Water Resources

FIRO Decision Support Tool for Lake MendocinoChris Delaney, Sonoma Water

Operational Experience Using the FIRO-based Major DeviationPatrick Sing, US Army Corps of Engineers

Comparing how the EFO, Hybrid, and Water Control Manual Handled the ’86, ’97, and ’06 Events when Scaled up to a 200-and-500-year Return PeriodDave Reynolds, University of Colorado

USACE Leadership Perspectives on FIROSean Smith, US Army Corps of Engineers (NO PRESENTATION)

Current Water Operations Capabilities/Challenges

Environmental Considerations

Forecast Needs

Improving Hydro-meteorological Observations

Improving Meteorological and Hydrological Models

Understanding Physical Processes to Improve Forecasts

Perspectives on Science and Technology Advances to Enable FIROMike Anderson, California Department of Water Resources

Overview of WY19 Significant AR Events that Affected FIRO ProjectsForest Cannon, Center for Western Weather and Water Extremes

Long-term Vision for FIRO and Ideas on How to Get There

FIRO Opportunities and Applications