Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

Publications listed here are authored by one or more CW3E members and are peer reviewed.

| Peer Reviewed Articles | Book Chapters | Public Reports |

Brandt, W. T., Bormann, K. J., Cannon, F., Deems, J. S., Painter, T. H., Steinhoff, D. F., & Dozier, J. (2020)Quantifying the spatial variability of a snowstorm using differential airborne lidar. Water Resources Research, 56, e2019WR025331.

Cannon, F., J.M. Cordeira, C.W. Hecht, J.R. Norris, A. Michaelis, R. Demirdjian, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: GPM Satellite Radar Observations of Precipitation Mechanisms in Atmospheric Rivers. Mon. Wea. Rev., 148, 1449-1463,

Cannon, F., and Coauthors, Observations and Predictability of a High-Impact Narrow Cold-Frontal Rainband over Southern California on 2 February 2019. Wea. Forecasting, doi:

Cao, Q., A. Gershunov, T. Shulgina, F.M. Ralph, N. Sun, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2020: Floods due to atmospheric rivers along the U.S. West Coast: The role of antecedent soil moisture in a warming climate. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 1827-1845,

Cooper, A. E., J.W. Kirchner, S. Wolf, D.L. Lombardozzi, B.W. Sullivan, S.W. Tyler, A.A. Harpold, 2020: Snowmelt causes different limitations on transpiration in a Sierra Nevada conifer forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 291,

Delaney, C. J., Hartman, R. K., Mendoza, J., Dettinger, M., Monache, L. D., Jasperse, J., Ralph, F. M., Talbot, C., Brown, J., & Reynolds, D. (2020). Forecast Informed Reservoir Operations Using Ensemble Streamflow Predictions for a Multi‐Purpose Reservoir in Northern California. Water Resources Research, 56, e2019WR026604,

Demirdjian, R., Doyle, J.D., Reynolds, C.A. Norris, J.A., Michaelis, A.C., Ralph, F.M., 2020: A Case Study of the Physical Processes Associated with the Atmospheric River Initial Condition Sensitivity from an Adjoint Model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77, 691-709, DOI 10.1175/JAS-D-19-0155.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Demirdjian, R., J.R. Norris, A. Martin, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Dropsonde Observations of the Ageostrophy within the Pre-Cold-Frontal Low-Level Jet Associated with Atmospheric Rivers. Mon. Wea. Rev., 148, 1389-1406,

Gibson, P.B., D.E. Waliser, B. Guan, M.J. DeFlorio, F.M. Ralph, and D.L. Swain, 2020: Ridging associated with drought across the Western and Southwestern United States: characteristics, trends and predictability sources J. Climate, 33, 2485-2508,

Guirguis, K., A. Gershunov, M.J. DeFlorio, T. Shulgina, L. Delle Monache, A.C. Subramanian, T.W. Corringham, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Four North Pacific atmospheric circulation regimes and their relationship to California precipitation on daily to seasonal timescales. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087609,

Hatchett, B.J., Q. Cao P.B. Dawson C.J. Ellis C.W. Hecht B. Kawzenuk J.T. Lancaster T. Osborne A.M. Wilson M.L. Anderson M.D. Dettinger J. Kalansky M.L. Kaplan D.P. Lettenmaier N.S. Oakley F.M. Ralph D.W. Reynolds A.B. White M. Sierks E. Sumargo . (2020). Observations of an extreme atmospheric river storm with a diverse sensor network. Earth and Space Science, 2333-5084, e2020EA001129. doi:10.1029/2020EA001129

Henn, B., Musselman, K. N., Lestak, L., Ralph, F. M., & Molotch, N. P.. (2020). Extreme runoff generation from atmospheric river driven snowmelt during the 2017 Oroville Dam spillways incident. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088189.

Henn, B., R. Weihs, A.C. Martin, F.M. Ralph, and T. Osborne, 2020: Skill of rain-snow level forecasts for landfalling atmospheric rivers: A multi-model model assessment using California’s network of vertically profiling radars J. Hydrometeor, 21, 751-771,

Lamjiri, M.A., F.M. Ralph, and M.D. Dettinger, 2020: Recent Changes in United States Extreme 3-Day Precipitation Using the R-CAT Scale. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 1207–1221,

Lavers, D.A., N.B. Ingleby, A.C. Subramanian, D.S. Richardson, F.M. Ralph, J.D. Doyle, C.A. Reynolds, R.D. Torn, M.J. Rodwell, V. Tallapragada, and F. Pappenberger, 2020: Forecast Errors and Uncertainties in Atmospheric Rivers. Wea. Forecasting, 35, 1447–1458,

Lawrimore, J.H., D. Wuertz, A.M. Wilson, S. Stevens, M. Menne, B. Korzeniewski, M.A. Palecki, R.D. Leeper, and T. Trunk, 2020: Quality Control and Processing of Cooperative Observer Program Hourly Precipitation Data. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 1811-1825,

Merryfield, W.J., J. Baehr, L. Batté, E.J. Becker, A.H. Butler, C.A. Coelho, G. Danabasoglu, P.A. Dirmeyer, F.J. Doblas-Reyes, D.I. Domeisen, L. Ferranti, T. Ilynia, A. Kumar, W.A. Müller, M. Rixen, A.W. Robertson, D.M. Smith, Y. Takaya, M. Tuma, F. Vitart, C.J. White, M.S. Alvarez, C. Ardilouze, H. Attard, C. Baggett, M.A. Balmaseda, A.F. Beraki, P.S. Bhattacharjee, R. Bilbao, F.M. de Andrade, M.J. DeFlorio, L.B. Díaz, M.A. Ehsan, G. Fragkoulidis, S. Grainger, B.W. Green, M.C. Hell, J.M. Infanti, K. Isensee, T. Kataoka, B.P. Kirtman, N.P. Klingaman, J. Lee, K. Mayer, R. McKay, J.V. Mecking, D.E. Miller, N. Neddermann, C.H. Justin Ng, A. Ossó, K. Pankatz, S. Peatman, K. Pegion, J. Perlwitz, G.C. Recalde-Coronel, A. Reintges, C. Renkl, B. Solaraju-Murali, A. Spring, C. Stan, Y.Q. Sun, C.R. Tozer, N. Vigaud, S. Woolnough, and S. Yeager, 2020: Current and emerging developments in subseasonal to decadal prediction. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(6), E869–E896,

Nguyen, P., E.J. Shearer, M. Ombadi, V.A. Gorooh, K. Hsu, S. Sorooshian, W.S. Logan, and M. Ralph, 2020: PERSIANN Dynamic Infrared–Rain Rate Model (PDIR) for High-Resolution, Real-Time Satellite Precipitation Estimation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E286-E302

Norris, J.R., F.M. Ralph, R. Demirdjian, F. Cannon, B. Blomquist, C.W. Fairall, J.R. Spackman, S. Tanelli, and D.E. Waliser, 2020: The Observed Water Vapor Budget in an Atmospheric River over the Northeast Pacific. J. Hydrometeor.,

O'Brien, T.A., A.E. Payne, C.A. Shields, J. Rutz, S. Brands, C. Castellano, J. Chen, W. Cleveland, M.J. DeFlorio, N. Goldenson, I. Gorodetskaya, H.I. Díaz, K. Kashinath, B. Kawzenuk, S. Kim, M. Krinitskiy, J.M. Lora, B. McClenny, A. Michaelis, J. O’Brien, C.M. Patricola, A.M. Ramos, E.J. Shearer, W.-W. Tung, P. Ullrich, M.F. Wehner, K. Yang, R. Zhang, Z. Zhang, and Y. Zhou. Detection Uncertainty Matters for Understanding Atmospheric Rivers. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(6), E790-E796,

Payne, A.E., M. Demory, L.R. Leung, A.M. Ramos, C.A. Shields, J.J. Rutz., N. Siler, G. Villarini, A. Hall, F.M. Ralph. 2020: Responses and impacts of atmospheric rivers to climate change. Nat Rev Earth Environ, 1, 143–157 (2020).

Ralph, F. M., F. Cannon, V. Tallapragada, C. A. Davis, J. D. Doyle, F. Pappenberger, A. Subramanian, A. M. Wilson, D. A. Lavers, C. A. Reynolds, J. Haase, J. J. Rutz, J. M. Cordeira, M. Zheng, C. W. Hecht, B. Kawzenuk, L. Delle Monache, 2020: West Coast Forecast Challenges and Development of Atmospheric River Reconnaissance. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101, E1357–E1377,

Rengers, F.K., McGuire, L.A., Oakley, N.S., Kean, J.W., Staley, D.M., and Tang, H. Landslides after wildfire: initiation, magnitude, and mobility. Landslides (2020),

Ryoo J., Chiao, S., Spackman, R.J., Iraci, L.T., Ralph, F.M., Martin, A., Dole, R.M., Marrero, J.E., Yates, E.L., Bui, T.P., Dean-Day, J.M., Chang, C.S., 2020: Terrain Trapped Airflows and Precipitation Variability during an Atmospheric River Event. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 355-375, doi:, click here for personal use pdf file

Sierks, M.D., J. Kalansky, F. Cannon, and F. Ralph, 2020: Characteristics, Origins, and Impacts of Summertime Extreme Precipitation in the Lake Mead Watershed. J. Climate, 33, 2663-2680,

Slinskey, E.A., P.C. Loikith, D.E. Waliser, B. Guan, and A. Martin, 2020: A Climatology of Atmospheric Rivers and Associated Precipitation for the Seven US National Climate Assessment Regions. J. Hydrometeor.,

Stone, R.E., C.A. Reynolds, J.D. Doyle, R. Langland, N. Baker, D.A. Lavers, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Atmospheric River Reconnaissance Observation Impact in the Navy Global Forecast System. Mon. Wea. Rev., 148, 763-782, DOI:

Sumargo, E., Cannon, F., Ralph, F. M., & Henn, B. (2020). Freezing Level Forecast Error Can Consume Reservoir Flood Control Storage: Potentials for Lake Oroville and New Bullards Bar Reservoirs in California. Water Resources Research, 56, e2020WR027072.

Sumargo, E., A.M. Wilson, F.M. Ralph, R. Weihs, A. White, J. Jasperse, M.A. Lamjiri, S. Turnbull, C. Downer, and L. Delle Monache, 2020: The Hydrometeorological Observation Network in California’s Russian River Watershed: Development, Characteristics and Key Findings from 1997 to 2019. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 0,

Voss, K.K., and A. Evan, 2020: A new satellite-based global climatology of dust aerosol optical depth. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 59, 83-102,

Voss, K.K., A.T. Evan, K.A. Prather, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Dusty Atmospheric Rivers: Characteristics and Origins. J. Climate., 0,

Wilson, A.M., W. Chapman, A. Payne, A.M. Ramos, C. Boehm, D. Campos, J. Cordeira, R. Garreaud, I.V. Gorodetskaya, J.J. Rutz, C. Viceto, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Training the Next Generation of Researchers in the Science and Application of Atmospheric Rivers. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(6), E738-E743,

Adusumilli, S., Borsa, A. A., Fish, M. A., McMillan, H. K., & Silverii, F. ( 2019). A decade of terrestrial water storage changes across the contiguous United States from GPS and GRACE. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 13006-13015,

Aguilera, R., A. Gershunov, T. Benmarhnia, 2019: Atmospheric rivers impact California's coastal water quality via extreme precipitation. Science of the Total Environment, 671, 488-494,

Cao, Q., A. Mehran, F.M. Ralph, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2019: The role of hydrological initial conditions on Atmospheric River floods in the Russian River basin. J. Hydrometeor., 20, 1667-1686.

Chapman, W. E., Subramanian, A. C., Delle Monache, L., Xie, S. P., & Ralph, F. M. 2019: Improving Atmospheric River Forecasts with Machine Learning. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 10627-10635,

Cordeira, J.M., J. Stock, M.D. Dettinger, A.M. Young, J.F. Kalansky, and F.M. Ralph, 2019: A 142-year Climatology of Northern California Landslides and Atmospheric Rivers. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100(8), 1499-1509,

Corringham, T.W. and D.R. Cayan, 2019: The Effect of El Niño on Flood Damages in the Western United States. Wea. Climate Soc., 11, 489–504,

Corringham, T.W. Ralph, F.M., Gershunov, A., Cayan, D.R., and Talbot, C.A., 2019: Atmospheric rivers drive flood damages in the western United States. Science Advances, 5, 12, eaax4631, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax4631

DeFlorio, M., D. Waliser, B. Guan, F.M. Ralph, and F. Vitart, 2019: Global evaluation of atmospheric river subseasonal prediction skill. Climate Dynamics, 52, 3039,

DeFlorio, M. J., D.E. Waliser, F.M. Ralph, B. Guan, A. Goodman, P.B. Gibson, S. Asharaf, L. Delle Monache, Z. Zhang, A.C. Subramanian, F. Vitart, H. Lin, and A. Kumar, 2019: Experimental Subseasonal‐to‐Seasonal (S2S) Forecasting of Atmospheric Rivers Over the Western United States. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 11,242-11,265,

Fish, M.A., A.M. Wilson, and F.M. Ralph, 2019: Atmospheric River Families: Definition and Associated Synoptic Conditions. J. Hydrometeor., 20, 2091-2108,

Gershunov, A., T. Shulgina, R.E.S. Clemesha, K. Guirguis, D.W. Pierce, M.D. Dettinger, D.A. Lavers, D.R. Cayan, S.D. Polade, J.F. Kalansky and F.M. Ralph, 2019: Precipitation regime change in Western North America: The role of Atmospheric Rivers. Scientific Reports, 9, 9944,

Gibson, P.B., D.E. Waliser, and M.J. DeFlorio, 2019: A critical examination of a newly proposed interhemispheric teleconnection to Southwestern US winter precipitation. Nature Communications, 10, 2687,

Guan, B., and D.E. Waliser, 2019: Tracking Atmospheric Rivers Globally: Spatial Distributions and Temporal Evolution of Life Cycle Characteristics. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 12,523–12,552.

Guirguis, K., Gershunov, A., Shulgina, T., Clemesha, R.E.S., Ralph, F.M., 2019: Atmospheric rivers impacting Northern California and their modulation by a variable climate. Climate Dynamics, 52, 6569,

Lukashov, S.G., Lancaster, J.T., Oakley, N.S., Swanson, B.J., 2019, Post-fire debris flows of 9 January 2018, Thomas Fire, Southern California: Initiation areas, precipitation and impacts: In Seventh International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation, Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists Special Publication 28, p. 774-781. ISBN: 978-0-578-51082-8.

Martin, A.C., G. Cornwell, C.M. Beall, F. Cannon, S. Reilly, B. Schaap, D. Lucero, J. Creamean, F.M. Ralph, H.T. Mix, and K. Prather, 2019: Contrasting local and long-range-transported warm ice-nucleating particles during an atmospheric river in coastal California, USA. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics., 19, 4193-4210,

Martin, A.C., F.M. Ralph, A. Wilson, L. DeHaan, and B. Kawzenuk, 2019: Rapid Cyclogenesis from a Mesoscale Frontal Wave on an Atmospheric River: Impacts on Forecast Skill and Predictability during Atmospheric River Landfall. J. Hydrometeor., 20, 1779-1794,

Mix, H.T., S.P. Reilly, A. Martin, and G. Cornwell, 2019: Evaluating the Roles of Rainout and Post-Condensation Processes in a Landfalling Atmospheric River with Stable Isotopes in Precipitation and Water Vapor. Atmospheres., 10(2), 86,

Murphy, M.J., J.S. Haase, R. Padulles, S.-H. Chen, M.A. Morris, 2019: The Potential for Discriminating Microphysical Processes in Numerical Weather Forecasts Using Airborne Polarimetric Radio Occultations. Remote Sens., 11, 2268

Ramos, A.M., Wilson, A.M., Deflorio, M.J., Warner, M.D., Barnes, E., Garreaud, R., Gorodetskaya, I.V., Lavers, D.A., Moore, B., Payne, A., Smallcomb, C., Sodemann, H., Wehner, M., Ralph, F.M., 2019: International Atmospheric Rivers Conference: Multi‐disciplinary studies and high‐impact applications of atmospheric rivers. Atmos Sci Lett., e935.

Ralph, F.M., J.J. Rutz, J.M. Cordeira, M. Dettinger, M. Anderson, D. Reynolds, L.J. Schick, and C. Smallcomb, 2019: A Scale to Characterize the Strength and Impacts of Atmospheric Rivers. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100(2), 269-289, DOI:

Ralph, F.M., A.M. Wilson, T. Shulgina, B. Kawzenuk, S. Sellars, J.J. Rutz, M.A. Lamjiri, E.A. Barnes, A. Gershunov, B. Guan, K.M. Nardi, T. Osborne, and G.A. Wick, 2019: ARTMIP-early start comparison of atmospheric river detection tools: how many atmospheric rivers hit northern California’s Russian River watershed?. Climate Dynamics, 52, 4973-4994,

Reynolds, C.A., J.D. Doyle, F.M. Ralph, and R. Demirdjian, 2019: Adjoint Sensitivity of North Pacific Atmospheric River Forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 147, 1871-1897, DOI:

Rutz, J. J., Shields, C. A., Lora, J. M., Payne, A. E., Guan, B., Ullrich, P., et al, 2019: The Atmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project (ARTMIP): Quantifying Uncertainties in Atmospheric River Climatology. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 13777-13802,

Shields, C. A., Rutz, J. J., Leung, L.-Y., Ralph, F. M., Wehner, M., O'Brien, T., and R. Pierce, 2019: Defining Uncertainties Through Comparison of Atmospheric River Tracking Methods. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100(2), ES93-ES96, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0200.1

Sun, R., A.C. Subramanian, A.J. Miller, M.R. Mazloff, I. Hoteit, and B.D. Cornuelle, 2019: SKRIPS v1.0: a regional coupled ocean–atmosphere modeling framework (MITgcm–WRF) using ESMF/NUOPC, description and preliminary results for the Red Sea. Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 4221-4244,

Vano, J.A., Dettinger, M., Cifelli, R., Curtis, D., Dufour, A., Miller, K., Olsen, J.A., Wilson, A.M., 2019: Hydroclimatic Extremes as Challenges for the Water Management Community: Lessons from Oroville Dam and Hurricane Harvey. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100(1), S1-S6, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0219.1

Zhang, Z., D.W. Pierce, and D.R. Cayan, 2019: A Deficit of Seasonal Temperature Forecast Skill over West Coast Regions in NMME. Wea. Forecasting, 34, 833-848, DOI:

Zhang, Z., Ralph, F. Martin, & Zheng, M., 2019: The Relationship between Extratropical Cyclone Strength and Atmospheric River Intensity and Position. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 1814– 1823.

Cannon, F., C. Hecht, J. Cordeira, and F.M. Ralph, 2018: Synoptic to Mesoscale Forcing of Extreme Precipitation in Southern California. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 123, 13,714–13,730, DOI: 10.1029/2018JD029045

Cordeira J. M., M. M. Neureuter, and L. D. Kelleher, 2018: Atmospheric rivers and National Weather Service watches, warnings, and advisories issued over California 2007-2016. Journal of Operational Meteorology. 6 (8), 87-94, doi:

DeFlorio, M., D. Waliser, B. Guan, D. Lavers, F.M. Ralph, and F. Vitart, 2018: Global assessment of atmospheric river prediction skill. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 409-426. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M. D., F.M. Ralph, and J.J. Rutz, 2018: Empirical Return Periods of the Most Intense Vapor Transports during Historical Atmospheric River Landfalls on the US West Coast. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 1363-1377,

Espinoza, V., D.E. Waliser, B. Guan, D. Lavers, and F.M. Ralph, 2018: Global Analysis of Climate Change Projection Effects on Atmospheric Rivers. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 4299-4308. click here for personal use pdf file

Flint, L.E., A.L. Flint, J. Mendoza, J. Kalansky, and F.M. Ralph, 2018: Characterizing drought in California: new drought indices and scenario-testing in support of resource management. Ecological Processes, 7:1. doi:10.1186/s13717-017-0112-6. click here for personal use pdf file

Guan, B., D. Waliser, and F. Ralph, 2018: An inter-comparison between reanalysis and dropsonde observations of the total water vapor transport in individual atmospheric rivers. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 321-337. click here for personal use pdf file

Guirguis, K., A. Gershunov, R. E. S. Clemesha, T. Shulgina, A. C. Subramanian, & F. M. Ralph, 2018: Circulation Drivers of Atmospheric Rivers at the North American West Coast. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 12,576–12,584.

Henn, B., T.H. Painter, K.J. Bormann, B. McGurk, A.L. Flint, L.E. Flint, V. White, and J.D. Lundquist, 2018: High-elevation evapotranspiration estimates during drought: Using streamflow and NASA airborne snow observatory SWE observations to close the upper Tuolumne river basin water balance. Water Resources Research, 54. doi:10.1002/2017WR020473. click here for personal use pdf file

Lavers, D.A., M.J. Rodwell, D.S. Richardson, F.M. Ralph, J.D. Doyle, C.A. Reynolds, V. Tallapragada, and F. Pappenberger, 2018: The Gauging and Modeling of Rivers in the Sky. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 7828–7834, doi:10.1029/2018GL079019. click here for personal use pdf file

Lamjiri, M. A, Dettinger, M. D, Ralph, F. M, Oakley, N. S, & Rutz, J. J. (2018). Hourly Analyses of the Large Storms and Atmospheric Rivers that Provide Most of California’s Precipitation in Only 10 to 100 Hours per Year. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science. 16(4). Retrieved from

Martin, A., F.M. Ralph, R. Demirdjian, L. DeHaan, R. Weihs, J. Helly, D. Reynolds, and S. Iacobellis, 2018: Evaluation of Atmospheric River Predictions by the WRF Model Using Aircraft and Regional Mesonet Observations of Orographic Precipitation and Its Forcing. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 1097-1113,

Nardi, K., E. Barnes, and F. Ralph, 2018: Assessment of Numerical Weather Prediction Model Re-Forecasts of the Occurrence, Intensity, and Location of Atmospheric Rivers along the West Coast of North America. Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 3343-3362, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-18-0060.1

Nash, D., Waliser, D., Guan, B., Ye, H., & Ralph, M. (2018): The Role of Atmospheric Rivers in Extratropical and Polar Hydroclimate. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 6804–6821,

Oakley, N.S., F. Cannon, E. Boldt, J. Dumas, and F.M. Ralph, 2018: Origins and variability of extreme precipitation in the Santa Ynez River Basin of Southern California. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies., 19, 164-176, DOI:10.1016/j.ejrh.2018.09.001.

Oakley, N., J. Cannon, F., Munroe, R., Lancaster J., Gomberg D., and Ralph F.M., 2018: Brief communication: Meteorological and climatological conditions associated with the 9 January 2018 post-fire debris flows in Montecito and Carpinteria, California, USA. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 3037-3043,

Oakley, N., J. Lancaster, B. Hatchett, J. Stock, F. Ralph, S. Roj, and S. Lukashov, 2018: A 22-year climatology of cool season hourly precipitation thresholds conducive to shallow landslides in California. Earth Interactions, 22:14, 1-17, doi:10.1175/EI-D-17- 0029.1

Ralph, F.M., M.D. Dettinger, M.M. Cairns, T.J. Galarneau, and J. Eylander, 2018: Defining “Atmospheric River”: How the Glossary of Meteorology Helped Resolve a Debate. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99, 837-839,

Sellars, S., 2018: "Grand Challenges" in big data and the earth sciences. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99, ES95-ES98,

Shields, C. A., Rutz, J. J., Leung, L.-Y., Ralph, F. M., Wehner, M., Kawzenuk, B., Lora, J. M., McClenny, E., Osborne, T., Payne, A. E., Ullrich, P., Gershunov, A., Goldenson, N., Guan, B., Qian, Y., Ramos, A. M., Sarangi, C., Sellars, S., Gorodetskaya, I., Kashinath, K., Kurlin, V., Mahoney, K., Muszynski, G., Pierce, R., Subramanian, A. C., Tome, R., Waliser, D., Walton, D., Wick, G., Wilson, A., Lavers, D., Prabhat, Collow, A., Krishnan, H., Magnusdottir, G., and Nguyen, P., 2018: Atmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project (ARTMIP): Project Goals and Experimental Design, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 2455–2474,

Viale, M., Valenzuela, R., Garreaud, R.D., and Ralph, F.M., 2018: Impacts of Atmospheric Rivers on Precipitation in Southern South America. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 1671-1687,

Albano, C.M., M.D. Dettinger, and C.E. Soulard, 2017: Influence of atmospheric rivers on vegetation productivity and fire patterns in the southwestern U.S. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 122, 308-323. click here for personal use pdf file

Cannon, F., F.M. Ralph, A.M. Wilson, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2017: GPM Satellite Radar Measurements of Precipitation and Freezing Level in Atmospheric Rivers: Comparison with Ground-Based Radars and Reanalyses. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122. click here for personal use pdf file

Cordeira, J.M., F.M. Ralph, A. Martin, N. Gaggini, R. Spackman, P.J. Neiman, J. Rutz, and R. Pierce, 2017: Forecasting atmospheric rivers during CalWater 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98(3), 449-459, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00245.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Gershunov, A., T. Shulgina, F. M. Ralph, D. A. Lavers, and J. J. Rutz, 2017: Assessing the climate-scale variability of atmospheric rivers affecting western North America. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074175. click here for personal use pdf file

Guan, B., and D.E. Waliser, 2017: Atmospheric rivers in 20 year weather and climate simulations: A multi-model, global evaluation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, 5556-5581. click here for personal use pdf file

Hatchett, B.J., B. Dudert, N.S. Oakley, A.E. Putnam, and A.B. White, 2017: Winter Snow Level Rise in the Northern Sierra Nevada from 2008 to 2017. Water, 9, 899. doi:10.3390/w9110899. click here for personal use pdf file

Hatchett, B.J., S. Burak, J.J. Rutz, N.S. Oakley, E.H. Bair, and M.L. Kaplan, 2017: Avalanche fatalities during atmospheric river events in the western United States. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18, 1359-1374. click here for personal use pdf file

Hecht, C.W. and J.M. Cordeira, 2017: Characterizing the Influence of Atmospheric River Orientation and Intensity on Precipitation Distributions over North-Coastal California. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi: 10.1002/2017GL074179. click here for personal use pdf file

Hu, H., F. Dominguez, Z. Wang, D.A. Lavers, G. Zhang, and F.M. Ralph, 2017: Linking atmospheric river hydrological impacts on the U.S. West Coast to Rossby wave breaking. Journal of Climate, 30, 3381-3389, click here for personal use pdf file

Konrad, C.P. and M.D. Dettinger, 2017: Flood runoff in relation to water vapor transport by atmospheric rivers over the Western US, 1949-2015 Geophysical Research Letters, 44. click here for personal use pdf file

Lamjiri, M.A., M.D. Dettinger, F.M. Ralph, and B. Guan, 2017: Hourly Storm Characteristics along the U.S. West Coast: Role of Atmospheric Rivers in Extreme Precipitation. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074193. click here for personal use pdf file

Martin, A. C., G. C. Cornwell, S. A. Atwood, K. A. Moore, N. Rothfuss, H. Taylor, P. J. DeMott, S. M. Kreidenweiss, M. D. Petters, and K. A. Prather, 2017: Transport of Pollution to a Remote Coastal Site during Gap Flow from California’s Interior: Impacts on Aerosol Composition, Clouds and Radiative Balance, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 17, 1491–1509, click here for personal use pdf file

Oakley, N.S., J.T. Lancaster, M.L. Kaplan, and F.M. Ralph, 2017: Synoptic conditions associated with cool season post-fire debris flows in the Transverse Ranges of southern California. Natural Hazards, 88, 327, doi:10.1007/s11069-017-2867-6. click here for personal use pdf file

Paltan, H., D. Waliser, W.H. Lim, B. Guan, D. Yamazaki, R. Pant, and S. Dadson, 2017: Global floods and water availability driven by atmospheric rivers. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074882. click here for personal use pdf file

Polade S.D., A. Gershunov, D.R. Cayan, M.D. Dettinger, and D.W. Pierce, 2017: Precipitation in a warming world: Assessing projected hydro-climate changes in California and other Mediterranean climate regions. Scientific Reports 7: 10783,

Ralph, F.M., M. Dettinger, D. Lavers, I.V. Gorodetskaya, A. Martin, M. Viale, A.B. White, N. Oakley, J. Rutz, J.R. Spackman, H. Wernli, and J. Cordeira, 2017: Atmospheric rivers emerge as a global science and applications focus. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98(9), 1969-1973, click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F.M., and T. Galarneau, 2017: The Chiricahua Gap and the Role of Easterly Water Vapor Transport in Southeastern Arizona Monsoon Precipitation. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18, 2511-2520. click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F., S. Iacobellis, P. Neiman, J. Cordeira, J. Spackman, D. Waliser, G. Wick, A. White, and C. Fairall, 2017: Dropsonde Observations of Total Integrated Water Vapor Transport within North Pacific Atmospheric Rivers. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18, 2577-2596. click here for personal use pdf file

Sellars, S.L., B. Kawzenuk, P. Nguyen, F.M. Ralph, and S. Sorooshian, 2017: Genesis, pathways, and terminations of intense global water vapor transport in associated with large-scale climate patterns. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL075495. click here for personal use pdf file

Waliser, D., and B. Guan, 2017: Extreme winds and precipitation during landfall of atmospheric rivers. Nature Geoscience, 10(3), 179-183. click here for personal use pdf file

Young, A.M., K.T. Skelly, and J. Cordeira, 2017: High-impact hydrologic events and atmospheric rivers in California: An investigation using the NCEI Storm Events Database. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL073077. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M.D., 2016: Historical and future relations between large storms and droughts in California. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, 14(2). doi:10.15447/sfews.2016v14iss2art2. click here for personal use pdf file

Guan, B., D.E. Waliser, F.M. Ralph, E.J. Fetzer and P.J. Neiman, 2016: Hydrometeorological characteristics of rain-on-snow events associated with atmospheric rivers. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 2964-2973. doi:10.1002/2016GL067978. click here for personal use pdf file

Lavers, D.A., D.E. Waliser, F.M. Ralph and M.D. Dettinger, 2016: Predictability of horizontal water vapor transport relative to precipitation: Enhancing situational awareness for forecasting Western U.S. extreme precipitation and flooding. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 2275-2282. doi:10.1002/2016GL067765. click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P.J., B.J. Moore, A.B. White, G.A. Wick, J. Aikins, D.L. Jackson, J.R. Spackman and F.M. Ralph, 2016: An airborne and ground-based study of a long-lived and intense atmospheric river impacting California during the CalWater-2014 Early-Start field campaign. Monthly Weather Review, 144, 1115-1144. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-15-0319.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F.M., J.M. Cordeira, P.J. Neiman and M. Hughes, 2016: Extreme Daily Precipitation in the Northern California Upper Sacramento River Watershed Requires a Combination of a Landfalling Atmospheric River and a Sierra Barrier Jet. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 17, 1904-1915. doi: click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F.M., K. Prather, D. Cayan, J.R. Spackman, P. Demott, M. Dettinger, C. Fairall, R. Leung, D. Rosenfeld, S. Rutledge, D. Waliser, A. White, J. Cordeira, A. Martin, J. Helly and J. Intieri, 2016: CalWater Field Studies Designed to Quantify the Roles of Atmospheric Rivers and Aerosols in Modulating U.S. West Coast Precipitation in a Changing Climate. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(7), 1209-1228, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00043.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Coplen, T.B., P.J. Neiman, A.B. White and F.M. Ralph, 2015: Categorisation of Northern California rainfall for periods with and without a radar bright band using stable isotopes and a novel automated precipitation collector. Tellus B, 67, 1-48. doi:10.3402.tellusb.v67.28574. click here for personal use pdf file

Creamean, J.M., A.P. Ault, A.B. White, P.J. Neiman, F.M. Ralph, P. Minnis and K.A. Prather, 2015: Impact of interannual variations in sources of insoluble aerosol species on orographic precipitation over California’s central Sierra Nevada. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15, 6535-6548. doi:10.5194/acp-15-6535-2015. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M., 2015: Sturm und Drang -- California’s Remarkable Storm-Drought Connection. Hydrolink, 1, 21-22. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M.D., F.M. Ralph and D.A. Lavers, 2015: Setting the stage for a global science of atmospheric rivers -- The Scripps Institution of Oceanography International Atmospheric Rivers Workshop; La Jolla, California, 15–17 June 2015. EOS Earth and Space Science News, 96(1). doi:10.1029/2015EO038675. click here for web article

Lavers, D.A., F.M. Ralph, D.E. Waliser, A. Gershunov and M.D. Dettinger, 2015: Climate change intensification of horizontal water vapor transport in CMIP5. Geophysical Research Letters, 42. doi:10.1002/2015GL064672. click here for personal use pdf file

Mahoney, K., F.M. Ralph, K. Wolter, N. Doesken, M. Dettinger, D. Gottas, T. Coleman and A. White, 2015: Climatology of Extreme Daily Precipitation in Colorado and Its Diverse Spatial and Seasonal Variability. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16, 781-792. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-14-0112.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Rutz, J.J., J.W. Steenburgh and F.M. Ralph, 2015: The Inland Penetration of Atmospheric Rivers over Western North America: A Lagrangian Analysis. Monthly Weather Review, 143, 1924-1944. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-14-00288.1. click here for personal use pdf file

White, A.B., P.J. Neiman, J.M. Creamean, T. Coleman, F.M. Ralph and K.A. Prather, 2015: The Impacts of California’s San Francisco Bay Area Gap on Precipitation Observed in the Sierra Nevada during HMT and CalWater. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16, 1048–1069. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-14-0160.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Creamean, J.M., C. Lee, T.C. Hill, A.P. Ault, P.J. DeMott, A.B. White, F.M. Ralph and K.A. Prather, 2014: Chemical properties of insoluble precipitation residue particles. Journal of Aerosol Science, 76, 13-27. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M.D., and D. Cayan, 2014: Drought and the California delta - a matter of extremes. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, 12(2), 7 p. doi:10.15447/sfews.2014v12iss2art4. click here for personal use pdf file

Gorodetskaya, I.V., M. Tsukernik, K. Claes, F.M. Ralph, W.D. Neff and N.P.M. Van Lipzig, 2014: The role of atmospheric rivers in anomalous snow accumulation in East Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 6199-6206. click here for personal use pdf file

Guirguis, K., A. Gershunov, A. Tardy and R. Basu, 2014: The Impact of Recent Heat Waves on Human Health in California. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 3-19. click here for personal use pdf file

Hughes, M., K.M. Mahoney, P.J. Neiman, B.J. Moore, M. Alexander and F.M. Ralph, 2014: The landfall and inland penetration of a flood-producing atmospheric river in Arizona. Part II: Sensitivity of modeled precipitation to terrain height and atmospheric river orientation. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1954-1974. click here for personal use pdf file

Matrosov, S.Y., F.M. Ralph, P.J. Neiman and A.B. White, 2014: Quantitative assessment of operational weather radar rainfall estimates over California’s Northern Sonoma County using HMT-West data. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 393–410. click here for personal use pdf file

Neff, W., G. Compo, F.M. Ralph and M.D. Shupe, 2014: Continental heat anomalies and the extreme melting of the Greenland ice surface in 2012 and 1889. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres , 119(11), 6520-6536. click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P.J., F.M. Ralph, B.J. Moore and R.J. Zamora, 2014: The regional influence of an intense Sierra Barrier Jet and landfalling atmospheric river on orographic precipitation in northern California: A case study. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1419-1439. click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P.J., G.A. Wick, B.J. Moore, F.M. Ralph, J.R. Spackman and B. Ward, 2014: An Airborne Study of an Atmospheric River over the Subtropical Pacific during WISPAR: Dropsonde Budget-Box Diagnostics and Precipitation Impacts in Hawaii. Monthly Weather Review, 142(9), 3199-3223, DOI:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00383.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F.M., M.D. Dettinger, A. White, D. Reynolds, D. Cayan, T. Schneider, R. Cifelli, K. Redmond, M. Anderson, F. Gehrke, J. Jones, K. Mahoney, L. Johnson, S. Gutman, V. Chandrasekar, J. Lundquist,, N. Molotch, L. Brekke, R. Pulwarty, J. Horel, L. Schick, A. Edman, P. Mote, J. Abatzaglou, R. Pierce and G. Wick, 2014: A vision for future observations for Western U.S. extreme precipitation and flooding. Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education, 153, 16-32. click here for personal use pdf file

Rutz, J. J., W. J. Steenburgh, and F. M. Ralph, 2014: Climatological characteristics of atmospheric rivers and their inland penetration over the Western United States. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 905-921. click here for personal use pdf file

Sukovich, E.M., F.M. Ralph, F.E. Barthold, D.W. Reynolds and D.R. Novak, 2014: Extreme quantitative precipitation forecast performance at the Weather Prediction Center from 2001 to 2011. Weather and Forecasting, 29, 894-911. click here for personal use pdf file

Cordeira, J.M., F.M. Ralph, and B.J. Moore, 2013: The development and evolution of two atmospheric rivers in proximity to western North Pacific tropical cyclones in October 2010. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 4234-4255. click here for personal use pdf file

Creamean, J.M., K.J. Suski, D. Rosenfeld, A. Cazorla, P.J. DeMott, R.C. Sullivan, A.B. White, F.M. Ralph, P. Minnis, J.M. Comstock, J.M. Tomlinson, and K.A. Prather, 2013: Dust and biological aerosols from the Sahara and Asia influence precipitation in the western U.S. Science, 339, 1572-1578. click here for personal use pdf file

Das, T., E. P. Maurer, D. W. Pierce, M. D. Dettinger and D. R. Cayan, 2013: Increases in flood magnitudes in California under warming climates. Journal of Hydrology, 501, 101-110. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.07.042 click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M. D., 2013: Atmospheric rivers as drought busters on the US west coast. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 1721-1732. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-13-02.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M. D., and B. L. Ingram, 2013: The coming megafloods. Scientific American, 308(1), 64-71. click here for personal use pdf file

Iacobellis, S. F., and D. R. Cayan, 2013: The variability of California summertime marine stratus: Impacts on surface air temperatures. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, doi/10.1002/jgrd.50652 click here for personal use pdf file

Kingsmill, D.E., P.J. Neiman, B.J. Moore, M. Hughes, S.E. Yuter, and F.M. Ralph, 2013: Kinematic and thermodynamic structures of Sierra barrier jets and overrunning atmospheric rivers during a land-falling winter storm in northern California. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 2015-2036. click here for personal use pdf file

Matrosov, S. Y., 2013: Characteristics of Landfalling Atmospheric Rivers Inferred from Satellite Observations over the Eastern North Pacific Ocean. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 3757–3768. doi: click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P. J., M. Hughes, B.J. Moore, F.M. Ralph, and E.S. Sukovich, 2013: Sierra barrier jets, atmospheric rivers, and precipitation characteristics in northern California: A composite perspective based on a network of wind profilers. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 4211-4233, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-13-00112.1 click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P. J., F. M. Ralph, B. J. Moore, M. Hughes, K. M. Mahoney, J. M. Cordeira, M. D. Dettinger, 2013: The Landfall and Inland Penetration of a Flood-Producing Atmospheric River in Arizona. Part I: Observed Synoptic-Scale, Orographic, and Hydrometeorological Characteristics. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 460–484, doi: click here for personal use pdf file

Pierce, D.W., T. Das, D.R. Cayan, E.P. Maurer, N.L. Miller, Y. Bao, M. Kanamitsu, K. Yoshimura, M.A. Snyder, L.C. Sloan, G. Franco and M. Tyree, 2013: Probabilistic estimates of future changes in California temperature and precipitation using statistical and dynamical downscaling. Climate Dynamics, 40, 839-856. doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1337-9 click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F. M., T. Coleman, P. J. Neiman, R. J. Zamora, M. D. Dettinger, 2013: Observed Impacts of Duration and Seasonality of Atmospheric-River Landfalls on Soil Moisture and Runoff in Coastal Northern California. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 443–459. doi: click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F. M., and co-authors, 2013: The emergence of weather-related test beds linking research and forecasting operations. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94,1187-1211, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00080.1 click here for personal use pdf file

White, A. B., and co-authors, 2013: A Twenty-First-Century California observing network for monitoring extreme weather events. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 1585-1603, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00217.1 click here for personal use pdf file

Wick, G.A., P.J. Neiman, and F.M. Ralph, 2013: Description and validation of an automated objective technique for identification and characterization of the integrated water vapor signature of atmospheric rivers. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 51, 2166-2176. click here for personal use pdf file

Wick, G.A., P.J. Neiman, F.M. Ralph, and T.M. Hamill, 2013: Evaluation of forecasts of the water vapor signature of atmospheric rivers in operational numerical weather prediction models. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 1337-1352. click here for personal use pdf file