Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

Publications listed here are authored by one or more CW3E members and are peer reviewed.

| Peer Reviewed Articles | Book Chapters | Atmospheric Rivers Book | Public Reports |

Afzali Gorooh, V., and Coauthors, 2023: Advances in Precipitation Retrieval and Applications from Low Earth Orbiting Satellite Information. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,, in press

Battula, S. B., Siems, S., Mondal, A., & Ghosh, S. (2023). Aerosol-Heavy Precipitation Relationship within Monsoonal Regimes in the Western Himalayas, Atmospheric Research, 288, 106728.

Badrinath, A., Delle Monache, L., Hayatbini, N., Chapman, W., Cannon, F., & Ralph, M. (2023). Improving Precipitation Forecasts with Convolutional Neural Networks, Weather and Forecasting, 38(2), 291-306.

Botterill, T. E., & McMillan, H. K. (2023). Using machine learning to identify hydrologic signatures with an encoder–decoder framework, Water Resources Research, 59, e2022WR033091.

Castellano, C. M., DeFlorio, M. J., Gibson, P. B., Delle Monache, L., Kalansky, J. F., Wang, J., Guirguis, K., Gershunov, A., Ralph, F. M., Subramanian, A. C., & Anderson, M. L. (2023). Development of a statistical subseasonal forecast tool to predict California atmospheric rivers and precipitation based on MJO and QBO activity, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128(6), e2022JD037360.

Cayan, D. R., DeHaan, L., Tyree, M., & Nicholas, K. A. (2023). A 4-week advance in the growing season in Napa Valley, California, USA, International Journal of Climatology, 1-18.

Cobb, A., Cordeira, J., Dettinger, M., Aikens, C., Delaney, C., Forbis, J., Jasperse, J., Hartman, R., Martin Ralph, F., Sumargo, E., Talbot, C., Wilson, A. M., & Yeates, E. (2023). A Multidisciplinary Training Opportunity for the Next Generation of Forecast-Informed Reservoir Operations (FIRO) Collaborators. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 104, E1372–E1381,

Cobb, A., Steinhoff, D., Weihs, R., Delle Monache, L., DeHaan, L., Reynolds, D., Cannon, F., Kawzenuk, B., Papadopolous, C., Ralph, F.M., 2023: West-WRF 34-Year Reforecast: Description and Validation. J. Hydrometeor.,, in press

Guan, B., Waliser, D. E., & Ralph, F. M. (2023). Global application of the atmospheric river scale, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128(3), e2022JD037180.

Guirguis, K., Gershunov, A., Hatchett, B., Shulgina, T., DeFlorio, M. J., Subramanian, A. C., Guzman-Morales, J. Aguilera, R., Clemesha, R., Corringham, T. W., Delle Monache, L., Reynolds, D., Tardy, A., Small, I., & Ralph, F. M. (2023). Winter wet–dry weather patterns driving atmospheric rivers and Santa Ana winds provide evidence for increasing wildfire hazard in California, Climate Dynamics , 60, 1729-1749.

Hatchett, B. J., Koshkin, A. L., Guirguis, K., Rittger, K., Nolin, A. W., Heggli, A., Rhoades, A. M., East, A. E., Siirila-Woodburn, E. R., Brandt, W. T., Gershunov, A., & Haleakala, K. (2023). Midwinter dry spells amplify post-fire snowpack decline, Geophysical Research Letters, 50(3), e2022GL101235.

Higgins, T. B., Subramanian, A. C., Graubner, A., Kapp-Schwoerer, L., Watson, P. A. G., Sparrow, S., et al. (2023). Using deep learning for an analysis of atmospheric rivers in a high-resolution large ensemble climate data set. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 15, e2022MS003495.

Howard, I. M., Stahle, D. W., Dettinger, M. D., Poulsen, C., Ralph, F. M., Torbenson, M. C. A., & Gershunov, A. (2023). A 440-Year Reconstruction of Heavy Precipitation in California from Blue Oak Tree Rings, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 24(3), 463–477.

Howard, I. M, Stahle, D. W, Torbenson, M. C, Granato–Souza, D., & Poulsen, C. (2023). The Flood Risk and Water Supply Implications of Seasonal Precipitation Reconstructions in Northern California, San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, 21(1).

Hu, W., Cervone, G., Young, G., & Delle Monache, L. (2023). Machine Learning Weather Analogs for Near-Surface Variables, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 186, 711-735.

Hu, W., Ghazvinian, M., Chapman, W. E., Sengupta, A., Ralph, F. M., & Delle Monache, L. (2023). Deep Learning Forecast Uncertainty for Precipitation over Western US, Monthly Weather Review 151(6), 1367-1385.

Kaminski, A. N., Cordeira, J. M., Metz, N. D., Bachli, K., Duncan, M., Ericksen, M., Glade, I., Roberts, C., & Evans, C. (2023). A 30-Year Climatology of Northeastern United States Atmospheric Rivers, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 62(1), 31-40.

Lavers, D. A., Torn, R. D., Davis, C., Richardson, D. S., Ralph, F. M., & Pappenberger, F. (2023). Forecast Evaluation of the North Pacific Jet Stream Using AR Recon Dropwindsondes, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society (published online ahead of print 2023).

Lord, S. J., Wu, X., Tallapragada, V., & Ralph, F. M. (2023). The Impact of Dropsonde Data on the Performance of the NCEP Global Forecast System During the 2020 Atmospheric Rivers Observing Campaign. Part 1: Precipitation, Weather and Forecasting, 38(1), 17-45.

Lord, S. J., Wu, X., Tallapragada, V., & Ralph, F.M. (2023). The Impact of Dropsonde Data on the Performance of the NCEP Global Forecast System During the 2020 Atmospheric Rivers Observing Campaign. Part II: Dynamic Variables and Humidity, Weather and Forecasting 38(5), 721-752.

Lu, Y., Monache, L.D., Weil, J., Ngan, K. & Li, Q. (2023). Predictability of passive scalar dispersion in atmospheric surface layers with urban-like roughness: A large-eddy simulations study. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 149(752), 994-1017.

Malyarenko, A., Gossart, A., Sun, R. & Krapp, M. (2023). Conservation of heat and mass in P-SKRIPS version 1: the coupled atmosphere–ice–ocean model of the Ross Sea, Geoscientific Model Development, 16(11), 3355-3373.

Nash, D., Carvalho, L.M.V., Rutz, J.J., and Jones, C. Influence of the freezing level on atmospheric rivers in High Mountain Asia: WRF case studies of orographic precipitation extremes. Climate Dynamics (2023)

Oakley, N. S., Liu, T., McGuire, L. A., Simpson, M., Hatchett, B. J., Tardy, A., Kean, J. W., Castellano, C., Laber, J. L., & Steinhoff, D. (2023). Toward probabilistic post-fire debris-flow hazard decision support, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (published online ahead of print 2023).

Olsen, J. R., Dettinger, M. D., & Giovannettone, J. P. (2023). Drought Attribution Studies and Water Resources Management, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 104(2), E435-E441.

Parajuli, S. P., Stenchikov, G. L., Ukhov, A., Morrison, H., Shevchenko, I., & Mostamandi, S. (2023). Simulation of a dust-and-rain event across the Red Sea using WRF-Chem, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128(14), e2022JD038384.

Reynolds, C. A., Stone, R. E., Doyle, J. D., Baker, N. L., Wilson, A. M., Ralph, F. M., Lavers, D. A., Subramanian, A. C., & Centurioni, L. (2023). Impacts of Northeastern Pacific Buoy Surface Pressure Observations, Monthly Weather Review, 151(1), 211-226.

Sandstrom, J. D., Cordeira, J. M., Hoffman, E. G., & Metz, N. D. (2023). A Climatology of Easterly Wind Lake-Effect and Lake-Enhanced Precipitation Events over the Western Lake Superior Region, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 62(4), 529-545.

Scheftic, W. D., Zeng, X., & Brunke, M. A. (2023). Seasonal forecasting of precipitation, temperature, and snow mass over the western U.S. by combining ensemble post-processing with empirical ocean-atmosphere teleconnections, Weather and Forecasting (published online ahead of print 2023).

Shulgina, T., Gershunov, A., Hatchett, B., Guirguis, K., Subramanian, A. C., Margulis, S. A., Fang, Y., Cayan, D. R., Pierce, D. W., Dettinger, M., Anderson, M. L., & Ralph, F. M. (2023). Observed and projected changes in snow accumulation and snowline in California’s snowy mountains, Climate Dynamics.

Su, L., Cao, Q., Shukla, S., Pan, M., & Lettenmaier, D. P. (2023). Evaluation of Subseasonal Drought Forecast Skill over the Coastal Western U.S., Monthly Weather Review, 24(4), 709-726.

Sun, R., Cobb, A., Villas Bôas, A. B., Langodan, S., Subramanian, A. C., Mazloff, M. R., Cornuelle, B. D., Miller, A. J., Pathak, R., & Hoteit, I. (2023). Waves in SKRIPS: WAVEWATCH III coupling implementation and a case study of Tropical Cyclone Mekunu, Geoscientific Model Development, 16(12), 3435–3458.

Tarouilly, E., Cannon, F., & Lettenmaier, D. P. (2023). Improving Confidence in Model-Based Probable Maximum Precipitation: How Important is Model Uncertainty in Storm Reconstruction and Maximization?, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 24(2), 257-267.

Wang, J., DeFlorio, M. J., Guan, B., & Castellano, C. M. (2023). Seasonality of MJO Impacts on Precipitation Extremes Over the Western U.S., Journal of Hydrometeorology, 24(1), 151-166.

Zhang, Z., DeFlorio, M. J., Delle Monache, L., Subramanian, A. C., Ralph, F. M., Waliser, D. E., Zheng, M., Guan, B., Goodman, A., Molod, A. M., Vitart, F., Kumar, A., & Lin, H. (2023). Multi‐Model Subseasonal Prediction Skill Assessment of Water Vapor Transport Associated with Atmospheric Rivers over the Western US, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 128(7), e2022JD037608.

Argus, D. F., Martens, H. R., Borsa, A. A., Knappe, E., Wiese, D. N., Alam, S., et al. (2022). Subsurface water flux in California's Central Valley and its source watershed from space geodesy. Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL099583.

Brandt, W. T., Haleakala, K., Hatchett, B. J., and Pan, M. (2022). A Review of the Hydrologic Response Mechanisms During Mountain Rain-on-Snow. Front. Earth Sci. 10:791760,

Cayan Daniel R., DeHaan Laurel L., Gershunov Alexander, Guzman-Morales Janin, Keeley Jon E., Mumford Joshua, Syphard Alexandra D. (2022) Autumn precipitation: the competition with Santa Ana winds in determining fire outcomes in southern California. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 31, 1056-1067.

Chapman, W. E., Delle Monache, L., Alessandrini, S., Subramanian, A. C., Ralph, F. M., Xie, S., Lerch, S., & Hayatbini, N. (2022). Probabilistic Predictions from Deterministic Atmospheric River Forecasts with Deep Learning, Monthly Weather Review, 150(1), 215-234.

Cerovečki, I., Sun, R., Bromwich, D.H., Zou, X., Mazloff, M.R., Wang, S. (2022). Impact of downward longwave radiative deficits on Antarctic sea-ice extent predictability during the sea ice growth period. Environ. Res. Lett., 17 084008

Corringham, T.W., Mcarthy, J., Shulgina, T., Gershunov, A., Caya, D. R., & Ralph, F. M. (2022). Climate change contributions to future atmospheric river flood damages in the western United States, Sci. Rep., 12, 13747,

Fish, M. A., Done, J. M., Swain, D. L., Wilson, A. M., Michaelis, A. C., Gibson, P. B., & Ralph, F. M. (2022). Large-scale environments of successive atmospheric river events leading to compound precipitation extremes in California, Journal of Climate, 35, 1515–1536.

Garreaud, R., Ralph, M., Wilson, A., Ramos, A.M., Eiras-Barca, J., Steen-Larsen, H., Rutz, J., Albano, C., Tilinina, N., Warner, M., Viale, M., Rondanelli, R., McPhee, J., Valenzuela, R., & Gorodetskaya, I. (2022). Running a scientific conference during pandemic times, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103(7), E1650-E1657.

Gorooh, V. A., Asanjan, A. A., Nguyen, P., Hsu, K., & Sorooshian, S. (2022). Deep Neural Network High Spatiotemporal Resolution Precipitation Estimation (Deep-STEP) Using Passive Microwave and Infrared Data, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 23(4), 597-617.

Gorooh, V. A., Shearer, E. J., Nguyen, P., Hsu, K., Sorooshian, S., Cannon, F., & Ralph, M. (2022). Performance of New Near-Real-Time PERSIANN Product (PDIR-Now) for Atmospheric River Events over the Russian River Basin, California, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 23, 1899-1911.

Grudzien, C. and Bocquet, M.: A fast, single-iteration ensemble Kalman smoother for sequential data assimilation, Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 7641–7681,, 2022.

Grudzien, C., Merchant, C., Sandhu, S. (2022). DataAssimilationBenchmarks.jl: a data assimilation research framework. Journal of Open Source Software, 7(79), 4129,

Hecht, C. W., Michaelis, A. C., Martin, A. C., Cordeira, J. C., Cannon, F., and Ralph, F. M. (2022). Illustrating ensemble predictability across scales associated with the 13–15 February 2019 atmospheric river event. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society: Map Room, 103, E911-E922,

Hoffman, L., Mazloff, M. R., Gille, S. T., Giglio, D., & Varadarajan, A. (2022). Ocean Surface Salinity Response to Atmospheric River Precipitation in the California Current System, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 52(8), 1867-1885.

Liu, T., McGuire, L. A., Oakley, N., and Cannon, F.: Temporal changes in rainfall intensity–duration thresholds for post-wildfire flash floods in southern California, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 361-376, 2022.

Michaelis, A. C., Gershunov, A., Weyant, A., Fish, M. A., Shulgina, T., & Ralph, F. M. (2022). Atmospheric river precipitation enhanced by climate change: A case study of the storm that contributed to California’s Oroville Dam crisis. Earth's Future, 10, e2021EF002537.

Murphy MJ Jr., Haase JS. Evaluation of GNSS Radio Occultation Profiles in the Vicinity of Atmospheric Rivers. Atmosphere. 2022; 13(9):1495.

O’Brien, T. A., Wehner, M. F., Payne, A. E., Shields, C. A., Rutz, J. J., Leung, L.-R., et al. (2022). Increases in future AR count and size: Overview of the ARTMIP Tier 2 CMIP5/6 experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD036013.

Orr, A., Deb, P., Clem, K. R., Gilbert, E., Bromwich, D. H., Boberg, F., Colwell, S., Hansen, N., Lazzara, M. A., Mooney, P. A., Mottram, R., Niwano, M., Phillips, T., Pishniak, D., Reijmer, C. H., van de Berg, W. J., Webster, S., & Zou, X. (2022). Characteristics of surface “melt potential” over Antarctic ice shelves based on regional atmospheric model simulations of summer air temperature extremes from 1979/80 to 2018/19, Journal of Climate (published online ahead of print 2022).

Raymond, C., Waliser, D., Guan, B., Lee, H., Loikith, P., Massoud, E., Sengupta, A., Singh, D., Wootten, A. (2022). Regional and elevational patterns of extreme heat stress change in the US, Environmental Research Letters. 17

Ricciotti, J. A., & Cordeira, J. M. (2022). Summarizing Relationships Among Landfalling Atmospheric Rivers, Integrated Water Vapor Transport, and California Watershed Precipitation 1982–2019, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 23, 1439-1454.

Roy, R.J., Cooper, K.B., Lebsock, M., Siles, J.V., Millan, L., Dengler, R., R.R. Monje, S.L. Durden, F. Cannon, and Wilson, A.M. (2022). First Airborne Measurements with a G-band Differential Absorption Radar. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2022, 60, 1-15,

Sengupta, A., Singh, B., DeFlorio, M., Raymond, C., Robertson, A. W., Zeng, X., Waliser, D. E., & Jones, J. (2022). Advances in Sub-seasonal to Seasonal Prediction Relevant to Water Management in the Western United States, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103, E2168-E2175.

Sengupta, A., Waliser, D. E., Massoud, E. C., Guan, B., Raymond, C., & Lee, H. (2022). Representation of Atmospheric Water Budget and Uncertainty Quantification of Future Changes in CMIP6 for the Seven U.S. National Climate Assessment Regions, Journal of Climate, 35, 3635-3658. DOI:

Shearer, E.J., Afzali Gorooh, V., Nguyen, P., Hsu, K.L. and Sorooshian, S., (2022). Unveiling four decades of intensifying precipitation from tropical cyclones using satellite measurements. Scientific reports, Sci Rep, 12, 13569.,

Stewart, B. E., Cordeira, J. M., & Ralph, F. M. (2022). Evaluating GFS and ECMWF Ensemble Forecasts of Integrated Water Vapor Transport Along the U.S. West Coast, Weather and Forecasting, 37, 1985-2004.

Sun, W., Liu, Z., Davis, C. A., Ralph, F. M., Delle Monache, L., Zheng, M., 2022. Impacts of dropsonde and satellite observations on the forecasts of two atmospheric-river-related heavy rainfall events. Atmos. Res. 278, 106327.

Sun, R., Villas Bôas, A. B., Subramanian, A. C., Cornuelle, B. D., Mazloff, M. R., Miller, A. J., et al. (2022). Focusing and defocusing of tropical cyclone generated waves by ocean current refraction. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127, e2021JC018112.

Wang, J., H. M. Kim, and M. J. DeFlorio (2022), Future changes of PNA-like MJO teleconnections in CMIP6 models: underlying mechanisms and uncertainty, Journal of Climate, 35, 3459-3478.

White, C. J., Domeisen, D. I. V., Acharya, N., Adefisan, E. A., Anderson, M. L., Aura, S., Balogun, A. A., Bertram, D., Bluhm, S., Brayshaw, D. J., Browell, J., Büeler, D., Charlton-Perez, A., Chourio, X., Christel, I., Coelho, C. A. S., DeFlorio, M. J., Delle Monache, L., Di Giuseppe, F., García-Solórzano, A. M., Gibson, P. B., Goddard, L., González Romero, C., Graham, R. J., Graham, R. M., Grams, C. M., Halford, A., Katty Huang, W. T., Jensen, K., Kilavi, M., Lawal, K. A., Lee, R. W., MacLeod, D., Manrique-Suñén, A., Martins, E. S. P. R., Maxwell, C. J., Merryfield, W. J., Muñoz, Á. G., Olaniyan, E., Otieno, G., Oyedepo, J. A., Palma, L., Pechlivanidis, I. G., Pons, D., Ralph, F. M., Reis, D. S., Jr., Remenyi, T. A., Risbey, J. S., Robertson, D. J. C., Robertson, A. W., Smith, S., Soret, A., Sun, T., Todd, M. C., Tozer, C. R., Vasconcelos, F. C., Jr., Vigo, I., Waliser, D. E., Wetterhall, F., & Wilson, R. G. (2021). Advances in the application and utility of subseasonal-to-seasonal predictions, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103, E1448-E1472.

Wilson, A. M., Cobb, A., Ralph, F. M., Tallapragada, V., Davis, C., Doyle, J., Delle Monache, L., Pappenberger, F., Reynolds, C., Subramanian, A., Cannon, F., Cordeira, J., Haase, J., Hecht, C., Lavers, D., Rutz, J. J., & Zheng, M. (2022). Atmospheric River Reconnaissance Workshop Promotes Research and Operations Partnership, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103, E810-E816.

Adusumilli, S., Fish, M., Fricker, H. A., & Medley, B. (2021). Atmospheric River Precipitation Contributed to Rapid Increases in Surface Height of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet in 2019. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL091076,

Bartlett, S. M., & Cordeira, J. M. (2021). A Climatological Study of National Weather Service Watches, Warnings, and Advisories and Landfalling Atmospheric Rivers in the Western U.S. 2006–2018, Weather and Forecasting, 36(3), 1097-1112.

Beall, C.M., Michaud, J.M., Fish, M.A., Dinasquet, J., Cornwell, G.C., Stokes, M.D., Burkart, M.D., Hill, T.C., DeMott, P.J., Prather, K.A., (2021). Cultivable halotolerant ice-nucleating bacteria and fungi in coastal precipitation, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 21, 9031-9045

Cao, Q., Shukla, S., DeFlorio, M. J., Ralph, F. M., & Lettenmaier, D. P. (2021). Evaluation of the subseasonal forecast skill of floods associated with atmospheric rivers in coastal Western U.S. watersheds, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 22, 1535–1552,

Cayan, D. R, Buhler, M., Goodrich, J., Dulen, D., & Alden, D. (2021). Relief from summer warming: Devils Postpile National Monument’s cold air pool supports a refugium-based conservation strategy. Park Stewardship Forum, 37(3).

Chapman, W. E., Subramanian, A. C., Xie, S., Sierks, M. D., Ralph, F. M., & Kamae, Y. (2021). Monthly Modulations of ENSO Teleconnections: Implications for Potential Predictability in North America, Journal of Climate, 34, 5899-5921,

Cobb, A., A. Michaelis, S. Iacobellis, F.M. Ralph, and L. Delle Monache, 2021: Atmospheric river sectors: Definition and characteristics observed using dropsondes from 2014-2020 CalWater and AR Recon. Mon. Wea. Rev., 149, 623-644,

Cobb, A., Delle Monache, L., Cannon, F., & Ralph, F. M. (2021). Representation of dropsonde-observed atmospheric river conditions in reanalyses. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL093357,

Cordeira, J. M., & Ralph, F. M. (2021). A Summary of GFS Ensemble Integrated Water Vapor Transport Forecasts and Skill Along the U.S. West Coast during Water Years 2017–2020, Weather and Forecasting, 36, 361-377,

de Orla-Barile, M., Cannon, F., Oakley, N. S., & Ralph, F. M. (2021). A Climatology of Narrow Cold-Frontal Rainbands in Southern California. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL095362.

DeHaan, L. L., Martin, A. C., Weihs, R. R., Delle Monache, L., & Ralph, F. M. (2021). Object-based Verification of Atmospheric River Predictions in the Northeast Pacific, Weather and Forecasting, 36, 1575–1587.

DeFlorio, M. J., F. M. Ralph, D. E. Waliser, J. Jones, and M. L. Anderson (2021), Better subseasonal-to-seasonal forecasts for water management, Eos, 102,

Demirdjian, R., R. Rotunno, B. Cornuelle, C.A. Reynolds, & J.D. Doyle, 2021: The Circulation Response of a Two-Dimensional Frontogenetic Model to Optimized Moisture Perturbations. J. Atmos. Sci., 78, 459-472,

Eiras-Barca, J., Ramos, A.M., Algarra, I., Vazquez, M., Dominguez, F., Miguez-Macho, G., Nieto, R., Gimeno, L., Taboada, J., Ralph, F.M. (2021). European West Coast atmospheric rivers: A scale to characterize strength and impacts, Weather and Climate Extremes, 31, 10035,

Ferrer, E.M., Cavole, L.M., Clausnitzer, S., Dias, D.F., Osborne, T.C., Sugla, R., Harrison, E., (2021). Entering Negotiations: Early-Career Perspectives on the UN Conference of Parties and the Unfolding Climate Crisis, Frontiers in Marine Science, 8, 474, 2296-7745, DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2021.632874

Gibson, P.B., Chapman, W.E., Altinok, A., Delle Monache, L., DeFlorio, M.J, & Waliser, D.E. Training machine learning models on climate model output yields skillful interpretable seasonal precipitation forecasts. Communications Earth & Environment 2, 159 (2021),

Haase, J. S., Murphy, M. J., Cao, B., Ralph, F. M., Zheng, M., & Delle Monache, L. (2021). Multi-GNSS airborne radio occultation observations as a complement to dropsondes in atmospheric river reconnaissance. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2021JD034865.

Lancaster, J.T., Swanson, B.J., Lukashov, S.G., Oakley, N.S., Lee, J.B., Spangler, E.R., Hernandez, J.L., Olson, B.P.E., DeFrisco, M.J., Lindsay, D.N., Schwartz, Y.J., McCrea, S.E., Roffers, P.D., Tran, C.M., 2021: Observations and Analyses of the 9 January 2018 Debris-Flow Disaster, Santa Barbara County, California. Environmental and Engineering Geoscience; 27 (1), 3–27. doi:

Mascioli, N. R., Evan, A., & Ralph, M. (2021). Influence of dust on precipitation during landfalling atmospheric rivers in an idealized framework. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2021JD034813.

McGuire, L.A., Rengers, F.K., Oakley, N.S., Kean, J.W., Staley, D.M., Tang, H., de Orla-Barile, M., Youberg, A.M, 2021: Time Since Burning and Rainfall Characteristics Impact Post-Fire Debris-Flow Initiation and Magnitude. Environmental and Engineering Geoscience, 27 (1), 43–56. doi:

Michaelis, A. C., Martin, A. C., Fish, M. A., Hecht, C. W., & Ralph, F. M. (2021). Modulation of Atmospheric Rivers by Mesoscale Frontal Waves and Latent Heating: Comparison of Two U.S. West Coast Events, Monthly Weather Review, 149, 2755–2776,

Oakley, N. S. (2021). A warming climate adds complexity to post-fire hydrologic hazard planning. Earth's Future, 9, e2021EF002149.

Pagano, T. J., Waliser, D. E., Guan, B., Ye, H., Ralph, F. M., & Kim, J. (2021). Extreme Surface Winds During Landfalling Atmospheric Rivers: The Modulating Role of Near-Surface Stability, Journal of Hydrometeorology, 22, 1681–1693,

Prince, H. D., Cullen, N. J., Gibson, P. B., Conway J., & Kingston, D. G. (2021). A climatology of atmospheric rivers in New Zealand, Journal of Climate, 34, 4383–4402,

Prince, H. D., Gibson, P. B., DeFlorio, M. J., Corringham, T. W, Cobb, A., Guan, B., Ralph, F.M., Waliser, D.E. (2021). Genesis Locations of the Costliest Atmospheric Rivers Impacting the Western United States. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL093947.

Ramos, A.M., Roca, R., Soares, P.M.M., Wilson, A.M., Tigo, R.M. & Ralph, F.M. (2021). Uncertainty in different precipitation products in the case of two atmospheric river events. Environmental Research Letters, 16, 045012,

Schwartz, J. Y., Oakley, N.S., Alessio, P.; Assessment of a Post-Fire Debris Flow Impacting El Capitan Watershed, Santa Barbara County, California, U.S.A. Environmental and Engineering Geoscience 2021, 27 (4), 423-437. doi: click here for personal use pdf

Sumargo, E., McMillan, H., Weihs, R., Ellis, C.J., Wilson, A.M. and Ralph, F.M. (2021), A Soil Moisture Monitoring Network to Assess Controls on Runoff Generation During Atmospheric River Events. Hydrological Processes, 35, e13998,

Sun, R., Subramanian, A. C., Cornuelle, B. D., Mazloff, M. R., Miller, A. J., Ralph, F. M., et al. (2021). The role of air‐sea interactions in atmospheric rivers: Case studies using the SKRIPS regional coupled model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD032885.

Voss, K. K., Evan, A. T., & Ralph, F. M. (2021). Evaluating the meteorological conditions associated with dusty atmospheric rivers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2021JD035403.

Zhang, Z., & Ralph, F. M. (2021). The Influence of Antecedent Atmospheric River Conditions on Extratropical Cyclogenesis, Monthly Weather Review, 149, 1337–1357,

Zheng, M., Delle Monache, L., Cornuelle, B. D., Ralph, F. M., Tallapragada, V. S., Subramanian, A., et al. (2021). Improved Forecast Skill through the Assimilation of Dropsonde Observations from the Atmospheric River Reconnaissance Program. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2021JD034967.

Zheng, M., L. Delle Monache, X. Wu, F.M. Ralph, B. Cornuelle, V. Tallapragada, J.S. Haase, A.M. Wilson, M. Mazloff, A. Subramanian, and F. Cannon, 2021: Data Gaps within Atmospheric Rivers over the Northeastern Pacific. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 102, E492–E524,

Brandt, W. T., Bormann, K. J., Cannon, F., Deems, J. S., Painter, T. H., Steinhoff, D. F., & Dozier, J. (2020)Quantifying the spatial variability of a snowstorm using differential airborne lidar. Water Resources Research, 56, e2019WR025331.

Cannon, F., J.M. Cordeira, C.W. Hecht, J.R. Norris, A. Michaelis, R. Demirdjian, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: GPM Satellite Radar Observations of Precipitation Mechanisms in Atmospheric Rivers. Mon. Wea. Rev., 148, 1449-1463,

Cannon, F., N.S. Oakley, C.W. Hecht, A. Michaelis, J.M. Cordeira, B. Kawzenuk, R. Demirdjian, R. Weihs, M.A. Fish, A.M. Wilson, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Observations and Predictability of a High-Impact Narrow Cold-Frontal Rainband over Southern California on 2 February 2019. Wea. Forecasting, 35, 2083–2097, doi:

Cao, Q., A. Gershunov, T. Shulgina, F.M. Ralph, N. Sun, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2020: Floods due to atmospheric rivers along the U.S. West Coast: The role of antecedent soil moisture in a warming climate. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 1827-1845,

Collins, B. D., Oakley, N. S., Perkins, J. P., East, A. E., Corbett, S. C., & Hatchett, B. J. (2020). Linking Mesoscale Meteorology With Extreme Landscape Response: Effects of NCFR. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 125, e2020JF005675.

Cooper, A. E., J.W. Kirchner, S. Wolf, D.L. Lombardozzi, B.W. Sullivan, S.W. Tyler, A.A. Harpold, 2020: Snowmelt causes different limitations on transpiration in a Sierra Nevada conifer forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 291,

Delaney, C. J., Hartman, R. K., Mendoza, J., Dettinger, M., Monache, L. D., Jasperse, J., Ralph, F. M., Talbot, C., Brown, J., & Reynolds, D. (2020). Forecast Informed Reservoir Operations Using Ensemble Streamflow Predictions for a Multi‐Purpose Reservoir in Northern California. Water Resources Research, 56, e2019WR026604,

Demirdjian, R., Doyle, J.D., Reynolds, C.A. Norris, J.A., Michaelis, A.C., Ralph, F.M., 2020: A Case Study of the Physical Processes Associated with the Atmospheric River Initial Condition Sensitivity from an Adjoint Model. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77, 691-709, DOI 10.1175/JAS-D-19-0155.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Demirdjian, R., J.R. Norris, A. Martin, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Dropsonde Observations of the Ageostrophy within the Pre-Cold-Frontal Low-Level Jet Associated with Atmospheric Rivers. Mon. Wea. Rev., 148, 1389-1406,

Gibson, P.B., D.E. Waliser, B. Guan, M.J. DeFlorio, F.M. Ralph, and D.L. Swain, 2020: Ridging associated with drought across the Western and Southwestern United States: characteristics, trends and predictability sources. J. Climate, 33, 2485-2508,

Gibson, P. B., Waliser, D. E., Goodman, A., DeFlorio, M. J., Delle Monache, L., & Molod, A. (2020). Subseasonal‐to‐seasonal hindcast skill assessment of ridging events related to drought over the Western United States. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2020JD033655.

Guirguis, K., A. Gershunov, M.J. DeFlorio, T. Shulgina, L. Delle Monache, A.C. Subramanian, T.W. Corringham, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Four North Pacific atmospheric circulation regimes and their relationship to California precipitation on daily to seasonal timescales. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087609,

Hatchett, B.J., Q. Cao, P.B. Dawson, C.J. Ellis, C.W. Hecht, B. Kawzenuk, J.T. Lancaster, T. Osborne, A.M. Wilson, M.L. Anderson, M.D. Dettinger, J. Kalansky, M.L. Kaplan, D.P. Lettenmaier, N.S. Oakley, F.M. Ralph, D.W. Reynolds, A.B. White, M. Sierks, E. Sumargo. (2020). Observations of an extreme atmospheric river storm with a diverse sensor network. Earth and Space Science, 7, 2333-5084, e2020EA001129. doi:10.1029/2020EA001129

Henn, B., Musselman, K. N., Lestak, L., Ralph, F. M., & Molotch, N. P.. (2020). Extreme runoff generation from atmospheric river driven snowmelt during the 2017 Oroville Dam spillways incident. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088189.

Henn, B., R. Weihs, A.C. Martin, F.M. Ralph, and T. Osborne, 2020: Skill of rain-snow level forecasts for landfalling atmospheric rivers: A multi-model model assessment using California’s network of vertically profiling radars J. Hydrometeor, 21, 751-771,

Lamjiri, M.A., F.M. Ralph, and M.D. Dettinger, 2020: Recent Changes in United States Extreme 3-Day Precipitation Using the R-CAT Scale. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 1207–1221,

Lavers, D.A., N.B. Ingleby, A.C. Subramanian, D.S. Richardson, F.M. Ralph, J.D. Doyle, C.A. Reynolds, R.D. Torn, M.J. Rodwell, V. Tallapragada, and F. Pappenberger, 2020: Forecast Errors and Uncertainties in Atmospheric Rivers. Wea. Forecasting, 35, 1447–1458,

Lavers, D.A., Ralph, F.M., Richardson, D.S. and Pappenberger, F., 2020: Improved forecasts of atmospheric rivers through systematic reconnaissance, better modelling, and insights on conversion of rain to flooding. Commun Earth Environ, 1, 39,

Lawrimore, J.H., D. Wuertz, A.M. Wilson, S. Stevens, M. Menne, B. Korzeniewski, M.A. Palecki, R.D. Leeper, and T. Trunk, 2020: Quality Control and Processing of Cooperative Observer Program Hourly Precipitation Data. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 1811-1825,

Massoud, E. C., H. Lee, P. B. Gibson, P. Loikith, and D. E. Waliser, 2020: Bayesian Model Averaging of Climate Model Projections Constrained by Precipitation Observations over the Contiguous United States. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 2401–2418,

Merryfield, W.J., J. Baehr, L. Batté, E.J. Becker, A.H. Butler, C.A. Coelho, G. Danabasoglu, P.A. Dirmeyer, F.J. Doblas-Reyes, D.I. Domeisen, L. Ferranti, T. Ilynia, A. Kumar, W.A. Müller, M. Rixen, A.W. Robertson, D.M. Smith, Y. Takaya, M. Tuma, F. Vitart, C.J. White, M.S. Alvarez, C. Ardilouze, H. Attard, C. Baggett, M.A. Balmaseda, A.F. Beraki, P.S. Bhattacharjee, R. Bilbao, F.M. de Andrade, M.J. DeFlorio, L.B. Díaz, M.A. Ehsan, G. Fragkoulidis, S. Grainger, B.W. Green, M.C. Hell, J.M. Infanti, K. Isensee, T. Kataoka, B.P. Kirtman, N.P. Klingaman, J. Lee, K. Mayer, R. McKay, J.V. Mecking, D.E. Miller, N. Neddermann, C.H. Justin Ng, A. Ossó, K. Pankatz, S. Peatman, K. Pegion, J. Perlwitz, G.C. Recalde-Coronel, A. Reintges, C. Renkl, B. Solaraju-Murali, A. Spring, C. Stan, Y.Q. Sun, C.R. Tozer, N. Vigaud, S. Woolnough, and S. Yeager, 2020: Current and emerging developments in subseasonal to decadal prediction. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(6), E869–E896,

Nguyen, P., E.J. Shearer, M. Ombadi, V.A. Gorooh, K. Hsu, S. Sorooshian, W.S. Logan, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: PERSIANN Dynamic Infrared–Rain Rate Model (PDIR) for High-Resolution, Real-Time Satellite Precipitation Estimation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(3), E286-E302

Norris, J.R., F.M. Ralph, R. Demirdjian, F. Cannon, B. Blomquist, C.W. Fairall, J.R. Spackman, S. Tanelli, and D.E. Waliser, 2020: The Observed Water Vapor Budget in an Atmospheric River over the Northeast Pacific. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 2655–2673,

O'Brien, T.A., A.E. Payne, C.A. Shields, J. Rutz, S. Brands, C. Castellano, J. Chen, W. Cleveland, M.J. DeFlorio, N. Goldenson, I. Gorodetskaya, H.I. Díaz, K. Kashinath, B. Kawzenuk, S. Kim, M. Krinitskiy, J.M. Lora, B. McClenny, A. Michaelis, J. O’Brien, C.M. Patricola, A.M. Ramos, E.J. Shearer, W.-W. Tung, P. Ullrich, M.F. Wehner, K. Yang, R. Zhang, Z. Zhang, and Y. Zhou. Detection Uncertainty Matters for Understanding Atmospheric Rivers. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(6), E790-E796,

Payne, A.E., M. Demory, L.R. Leung, A.M. Ramos, C.A. Shields, J.J. Rutz., N. Siler, G. Villarini, A. Hall, F.M. Ralph. 2020: Responses and impacts of atmospheric rivers to climate change. Nat Rev Earth Environ, 1, 143–157 (2020).

Ralph, F. M., F. Cannon, V. Tallapragada, C. A. Davis, J. D. Doyle, F. Pappenberger, A. Subramanian, A. M. Wilson, D. A. Lavers, C. A. Reynolds, J. Haase, J. J. Rutz, J. M. Cordeira, M. Zheng, C. W. Hecht, B. Kawzenuk, L. Delle Monache, 2020: West Coast Forecast Challenges and Development of Atmospheric River Reconnaissance. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(8), E1357–E1377,

Rengers, F.K., McGuire, L.A., Oakley, N.S., Kean, J.W., Staley, D.M., and Tang, H. Landslides after wildfire: initiation, magnitude, and mobility. Landslides 17, 2631-2641 (2020),

Ryoo J., Chiao, S., Spackman, R.J., Iraci, L.T., Ralph, F.M., Martin, A., Dole, R.M., Marrero, J.E., Yates, E.L., Bui, T.P., Dean-Day, J.M., Chang, C.S., 2020: Terrain Trapped Airflows and Precipitation Variability during an Atmospheric River Event. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 355-375, doi:, click here for personal use pdf file

Sanders, M.C., J.M. Cordeira, and N.D. Metz, 2020: Hydrometeorological Characteristics of Ice Jams on the Pemigewasset River in Central New Hampshire. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 2923–2942,

Shearer, E. J., Nguyen, P., Sellars, S. L., Analui, B., Kawzenuk, B., Hsu, K., et al. (2020). Examination of global midlatitude atmospheric river lifecycles using an object‐oriented methodology. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2020JD033425.

Sierks, M.D., J. Kalansky, F. Cannon, and F. Ralph, 2020: Characteristics, Origins, and Impacts of Summertime Extreme Precipitation in the Lake Mead Watershed. J. Climate, 33, 2663-2680,

Slinskey, E.A., P.C. Loikith, D.E. Waliser, B. Guan, and A. Martin, 2020: A Climatology of Atmospheric Rivers and Associated Precipitation for the Seven US National Climate Assessment Regions. J. Hydrometeor., 21, 2439-2456,

Stone, R.E., C.A. Reynolds, J.D. Doyle, R. Langland, N. Baker, D.A. Lavers, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Atmospheric River Reconnaissance Observation Impact in the Navy Global Forecast System. Mon. Wea. Rev., 148, 763-782, DOI:

Sumargo, E., Cannon, F., Ralph, F. M., & Henn, B. (2020). Freezing Level Forecast Error Can Consume Reservoir Flood Control Storage: Potentials for Lake Oroville and New Bullards Bar Reservoirs in California. Water Resources Research, 56, e2020WR027072.

Sumargo, E., A.M. Wilson, F.M. Ralph, R. Weihs, A. White, J. Jasperse, M.A. Lamjiri, S. Turnbull, C. Downer, and L. Delle Monache, 2020: The Hydrometeorological Observation Network in California’s Russian River Watershed: Development, Characteristics and Key Findings from 1997 to 2019. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(10), E1781–E1800,

Voss, K.K., and A. Evan, 2020: A new satellite-based global climatology of dust aerosol optical depth. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 59, 83-102,

Voss, K.K., A.T. Evan, K.A. Prather, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Dusty Atmospheric Rivers: Characteristics and Origins. J. Climate., 33, 9749-9762,

Wilson, A.M., W. Chapman, A. Payne, A.M. Ramos, C. Boehm, D. Campos, J. Cordeira, R. Garreaud, I.V. Gorodetskaya, J.J. Rutz, C. Viceto, and F.M. Ralph, 2020: Training the Next Generation of Researchers in the Science and Application of Atmospheric Rivers. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 101(6), E738-E743,

Adusumilli, S., Borsa, A. A., Fish, M. A., McMillan, H. K., & Silverii, F. ( 2019). A decade of terrestrial water storage changes across the contiguous United States from GPS and GRACE. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 13006-13015,

Aguilera, R., A. Gershunov, T. Benmarhnia, 2019: Atmospheric rivers impact California's coastal water quality via extreme precipitation. Science of the Total Environment, 671, 488-494,

Cao, Q., A. Mehran, F.M. Ralph, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2019: The role of hydrological initial conditions on Atmospheric River floods in the Russian River basin. J. Hydrometeor., 20, 1667-1686.

Chapman, W. E., Subramanian, A. C., Delle Monache, L., Xie, S. P., & Ralph, F. M. 2019: Improving Atmospheric River Forecasts with Machine Learning. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 10627-10635,

Cordeira, J.M., J. Stock, M.D. Dettinger, A.M. Young, J.F. Kalansky, and F.M. Ralph, 2019: A 142-year Climatology of Northern California Landslides and Atmospheric Rivers. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100(8), 1499-1509,

Corringham, T.W. and D.R. Cayan, 2019: The Effect of El Niño on Flood Damages in the Western United States. Wea. Climate Soc., 11, 489–504,

Corringham, T.W. Ralph, F.M., Gershunov, A., Cayan, D.R., and Talbot, C.A., 2019: Atmospheric rivers drive flood damages in the western United States. Science Advances, 5, 12, eaax4631, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aax4631

DeFlorio, M., D. Waliser, B. Guan, F.M. Ralph, and F. Vitart, 2019: Global evaluation of atmospheric river subseasonal prediction skill. Climate Dynamics, 52, 3039-3060,

DeFlorio, M. J., D.E. Waliser, F.M. Ralph, B. Guan, A. Goodman, P.B. Gibson, S. Asharaf, L. Delle Monache, Z. Zhang, A.C. Subramanian, F. Vitart, H. Lin, and A. Kumar, 2019: Experimental Subseasonal‐to‐Seasonal (S2S) Forecasting of Atmospheric Rivers Over the Western United States. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 11,242-11,265,

Fish, M.A., A.M. Wilson, and F.M. Ralph, 2019: Atmospheric River Families: Definition and Associated Synoptic Conditions. J. Hydrometeor., 20, 2091-2108,

Gershunov, A., T. Shulgina, R.E.S. Clemesha, K. Guirguis, D.W. Pierce, M.D. Dettinger, D.A. Lavers, D.R. Cayan, S.D. Polade, J.F. Kalansky and F.M. Ralph, 2019: Precipitation regime change in Western North America: The role of Atmospheric Rivers. Scientific Reports, 9, 9944,

Gibson, P.B., D.E. Waliser, and M.J. DeFlorio, 2019: A critical examination of a newly proposed interhemispheric teleconnection to Southwestern US winter precipitation. Nature Communications, 10, 2687,

Guan, B., and D.E. Waliser, 2019: Tracking Atmospheric Rivers Globally: Spatial Distributions and Temporal Evolution of Life Cycle Characteristics. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 12,523–12,552.

Guirguis, K., Gershunov, A., Shulgina, T., Clemesha, R.E.S., Ralph, F.M., 2019: Atmospheric rivers impacting Northern California and their modulation by a variable climate. Climate Dynamics, 52, 6569-6583,

Lukashov, S.G., Lancaster, J.T., Oakley, N.S., Swanson, B.J., 2019, Post-fire debris flows of 9 January 2018, Thomas Fire, Southern California: Initiation areas, precipitation and impacts: In Seventh International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation, Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists Special Publication 28, p. 774-781. ISBN: 978-0-578-51082-8.

Martin, A.C., G. Cornwell, C.M. Beall, F. Cannon, S. Reilly, B. Schaap, D. Lucero, J. Creamean, F.M. Ralph, H.T. Mix, and K. Prather, 2019: Contrasting local and long-range-transported warm ice-nucleating particles during an atmospheric river in coastal California, USA. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics., 19, 4193-4210,

Martin, A.C., F.M. Ralph, A. Wilson, L. DeHaan, and B. Kawzenuk, 2019: Rapid Cyclogenesis from a Mesoscale Frontal Wave on an Atmospheric River: Impacts on Forecast Skill and Predictability during Atmospheric River Landfall. J. Hydrometeor., 20, 1779-1794,

Mix, H.T., S.P. Reilly, A. Martin, and G. Cornwell, 2019: Evaluating the Roles of Rainout and Post-Condensation Processes in a Landfalling Atmospheric River with Stable Isotopes in Precipitation and Water Vapor. Atmosphere, 10(2), 86,

Murphy, M.J., J.S. Haase, R. Padulles, S.-H. Chen, M.A. Morris, 2019: The Potential for Discriminating Microphysical Processes in Numerical Weather Forecasts Using Airborne Polarimetric Radio Occultations. Remote Sens., 11, 2268

Ralph, F.M., J.J. Rutz, J.M. Cordeira, M. Dettinger, M. Anderson, D. Reynolds, L.J. Schick, and C. Smallcomb, 2019: A Scale to Characterize the Strength and Impacts of Atmospheric Rivers. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100(2), 269-289, DOI:

Ralph, F.M., A.M. Wilson, T. Shulgina, B. Kawzenuk, S. Sellars, J.J. Rutz, M.A. Lamjiri, E.A. Barnes, A. Gershunov, B. Guan, K.M. Nardi, T. Osborne, and G.A. Wick, 2019: ARTMIP-early start comparison of atmospheric river detection tools: how many atmospheric rivers hit northern California’s Russian River watershed?. Climate Dynamics, 52, 4973-4994,

Ramos, A.M., Wilson, A.M., Deflorio, M.J., Warner, M.D., Barnes, E., Garreaud, R., Gorodetskaya, I.V., Lavers, D.A., Moore, B., Payne, A., Smallcomb, C., Sodemann, H., Wehner, M., Ralph, F.M., 2019: International Atmospheric Rivers Conference: Multi‐disciplinary studies and high‐impact applications of atmospheric rivers. Atmos Sci Lett., 20, e935.

Reynolds, C.A., J.D. Doyle, F.M. Ralph, and R. Demirdjian, 2019: Adjoint Sensitivity of North Pacific Atmospheric River Forecasts. Mon. Wea. Rev., 147, 1871-1897, DOI:

Roche, J. W., Rice, R., Meng, X., Cayan, D. R., Dettinger, M. D., Alden, D., Patel, S. C., Mason, M. A., Conklin, M. H., and Bales, R. C., 2019: Climate, snow, and soil moisture data set for the Tuolumne and Merced river watersheds, California, USA. Earth Sys. Sci. Data, 11, 101-110,

Rutz, J. J., Shields, C. A., Lora, J. M., Payne, A. E., Guan, B., Ullrich, P., et al, 2019: The Atmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project (ARTMIP): Quantifying Uncertainties in Atmospheric River Climatology. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 13777-13802,

Shields, C. A., Rutz, J. J., Leung, L.-Y., Ralph, F. M., Wehner, M., O'Brien, T., and R. Pierce, 2019: Defining Uncertainties Through Comparison of Atmospheric River Tracking Methods. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100(2), ES93-ES96, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0200.1

Sun, R., A.C. Subramanian, A.J. Miller, M.R. Mazloff, I. Hoteit, and B.D. Cornuelle, 2019: SKRIPS v1.0: a regional coupled ocean–atmosphere modeling framework (MITgcm–WRF) using ESMF/NUOPC, description and preliminary results for the Red Sea. Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 4221-4244,

Vano, J.A., Dettinger, M., Cifelli, R., Curtis, D., Dufour, A., Miller, K., Olsen, J.A., Wilson, A.M., 2019: Hydroclimatic Extremes as Challenges for the Water Management Community: Lessons from Oroville Dam and Hurricane Harvey. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100(1), S1-S6, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0219.1

Zhang, Z., D.W. Pierce, and D.R. Cayan, 2019: A Deficit of Seasonal Temperature Forecast Skill over West Coast Regions in NMME. Wea. Forecasting, 34, 833-848, DOI:

Zhang, Z., Ralph, F. Martin, & Zheng, M., 2019: The Relationship between Extratropical Cyclone Strength and Atmospheric River Intensity and Position. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 1814– 1823.

Cannon, F., C. Hecht, J. Cordeira, and F.M. Ralph, 2018: Synoptic to Mesoscale Forcing of Extreme Precipitation in Southern California. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 123, 13,714–13,730, DOI: 10.1029/2018JD029045

Cordeira J. M., M. M. Neureuter, and L. D. Kelleher, 2018: Atmospheric rivers and National Weather Service watches, warnings, and advisories issued over California 2007-2016. Journal of Operational Meteorology. 6 (8), 87-94, doi:

DeFlorio, M., D. Waliser, B. Guan, D. Lavers, F.M. Ralph, and F. Vitart, 2018: Global assessment of atmospheric river prediction skill. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 409-426. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M. D., F.M. Ralph, and J.J. Rutz, 2018: Empirical Return Periods of the Most Intense Vapor Transports during Historical Atmospheric River Landfalls on the US West Coast. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 1363-1377,

Espinoza, V., D.E. Waliser, B. Guan, D. Lavers, and F.M. Ralph, 2018: Global Analysis of Climate Change Projection Effects on Atmospheric Rivers. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 4299-4308. click here for personal use pdf file

Flint, L.E., A.L. Flint, J. Mendoza, J. Kalansky, and F.M. Ralph, 2018: Characterizing drought in California: new drought indices and scenario-testing in support of resource management. Ecological Processes, 7:1. doi:10.1186/s13717-017-0112-6. click here for personal use pdf file

Guan, B., D. Waliser, and F. Ralph, 2018: An inter-comparison between reanalysis and dropsonde observations of the total water vapor transport in individual atmospheric rivers. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 321-337. click here for personal use pdf file

Guirguis, K., A. Gershunov, R. E. S. Clemesha, T. Shulgina, A. C. Subramanian, & F. M. Ralph, 2018: Circulation Drivers of Atmospheric Rivers at the North American West Coast. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 12,576–12,584.

Henn, B., T.H. Painter, K.J. Bormann, B. McGurk, A.L. Flint, L.E. Flint, V. White, and J.D. Lundquist, 2018: High-elevation evapotranspiration estimates during drought: Using streamflow and NASA airborne snow observatory SWE observations to close the upper Tuolumne river basin water balance. Water Resources Research, 54. doi:10.1002/2017WR020473. click here for personal use pdf file

Lavers, D.A., M.J. Rodwell, D.S. Richardson, F.M. Ralph, J.D. Doyle, C.A. Reynolds, V. Tallapragada, and F. Pappenberger, 2018: The Gauging and Modeling of Rivers in the Sky. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 7828–7834, doi:10.1029/2018GL079019. click here for personal use pdf file

Lamjiri, M. A, Dettinger, M. D, Ralph, F. M, Oakley, N. S, & Rutz, J. J. (2018). Hourly Analyses of the Large Storms and Atmospheric Rivers that Provide Most of California’s Precipitation in Only 10 to 100 Hours per Year. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science. 16(4). Retrieved from

Martin, A., F.M. Ralph, R. Demirdjian, L. DeHaan, R. Weihs, J. Helly, D. Reynolds, and S. Iacobellis, 2018: Evaluation of Atmospheric River Predictions by the WRF Model Using Aircraft and Regional Mesonet Observations of Orographic Precipitation and Its Forcing. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 1097-1113,

Nardi, K., E. Barnes, and F. Ralph, 2018: Assessment of Numerical Weather Prediction Model Re-Forecasts of the Occurrence, Intensity, and Location of Atmospheric Rivers along the West Coast of North America. Mon. Wea. Rev., 146, 3343-3362, doi:10.1175/MWR-D-18-0060.1

Nash, D., Waliser, D., Guan, B., Ye, H., & Ralph, M. (2018): The Role of Atmospheric Rivers in Extratropical and Polar Hydroclimate. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 6804–6821,

Oakley, N.S., F. Cannon, E. Boldt, J. Dumas, and F.M. Ralph, 2018: Origins and variability of extreme precipitation in the Santa Ynez River Basin of Southern California. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies., 19, 164-176, DOI:10.1016/j.ejrh.2018.09.001.

Oakley, N., J. Cannon, F., Munroe, R., Lancaster J., Gomberg D., and Ralph F.M., 2018: Brief communication: Meteorological and climatological conditions associated with the 9 January 2018 post-fire debris flows in Montecito and Carpinteria, California, USA. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 18, 3037-3043,

Oakley, N., J. Lancaster, B. Hatchett, J. Stock, F. Ralph, S. Roj, and S. Lukashov, 2018: A 22-year climatology of cool season hourly precipitation thresholds conducive to shallow landslides in California. Earth Interactions, 22:14, 1-17, doi:10.1175/EI-D-17- 0029.1

Ralph, F.M., M.D. Dettinger, M.M. Cairns, T.J. Galarneau, and J. Eylander, 2018: Defining “Atmospheric River”: How the Glossary of Meteorology Helped Resolve a Debate. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99, 837-839,

Sellars, S., 2018: "Grand Challenges" in big data and the earth sciences. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99, ES95-ES98,

Shields, C. A., Rutz, J. J., Leung, L.-Y., Ralph, F. M., Wehner, M., Kawzenuk, B., Lora, J. M., McClenny, E., Osborne, T., Payne, A. E., Ullrich, P., Gershunov, A., Goldenson, N., Guan, B., Qian, Y., Ramos, A. M., Sarangi, C., Sellars, S., Gorodetskaya, I., Kashinath, K., Kurlin, V., Mahoney, K., Muszynski, G., Pierce, R., Subramanian, A. C., Tome, R., Waliser, D., Walton, D., Wick, G., Wilson, A., Lavers, D., Prabhat, Collow, A., Krishnan, H., Magnusdottir, G., and Nguyen, P., 2018: Atmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project (ARTMIP): Project Goals and Experimental Design, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 2455–2474,

Viale, M., Valenzuela, R., Garreaud, R.D., and Ralph, F.M., 2018: Impacts of Atmospheric Rivers on Precipitation in Southern South America. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 19, 1671-1687,

Albano, C.M., M.D. Dettinger, and C.E. Soulard, 2017: Influence of atmospheric rivers on vegetation productivity and fire patterns in the southwestern U.S. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 122, 308-323. click here for personal use pdf file

Cannon, F., F.M. Ralph, A.M. Wilson, and D.P. Lettenmaier, 2017: GPM Satellite Radar Measurements of Precipitation and Freezing Level in Atmospheric Rivers: Comparison with Ground-Based Radars and Reanalyses. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122. click here for personal use pdf file

Cordeira, J.M., F.M. Ralph, A. Martin, N. Gaggini, R. Spackman, P.J. Neiman, J. Rutz, and R. Pierce, 2017: Forecasting atmospheric rivers during CalWater 2015. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98(3), 449-459, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00245.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Gershunov, A., T. Shulgina, F. M. Ralph, D. A. Lavers, and J. J. Rutz, 2017: Assessing the climate-scale variability of atmospheric rivers affecting western North America. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074175. click here for personal use pdf file

Guan, B., and D.E. Waliser, 2017: Atmospheric rivers in 20 year weather and climate simulations: A multi-model, global evaluation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, 5556-5581. click here for personal use pdf file

Hatchett, B.J., B. Dudert, N.S. Oakley, A.E. Putnam, and A.B. White, 2017: Winter Snow Level Rise in the Northern Sierra Nevada from 2008 to 2017. Water, 9, 899. doi:10.3390/w9110899. click here for personal use pdf file

Hatchett, B.J., S. Burak, J.J. Rutz, N.S. Oakley, E.H. Bair, and M.L. Kaplan, 2017: Avalanche fatalities during atmospheric river events in the western United States. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18, 1359-1374. click here for personal use pdf file

Hecht, C.W. and J.M. Cordeira, 2017: Characterizing the Influence of Atmospheric River Orientation and Intensity on Precipitation Distributions over North-Coastal California. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi: 10.1002/2017GL074179. click here for personal use pdf file

Hu, H., F. Dominguez, Z. Wang, D.A. Lavers, G. Zhang, and F.M. Ralph, 2017: Linking atmospheric river hydrological impacts on the U.S. West Coast to Rossby wave breaking. Journal of Climate, 30, 3381-3389, click here for personal use pdf file

Konrad, C.P. and M.D. Dettinger, 2017: Flood runoff in relation to water vapor transport by atmospheric rivers over the Western US, 1949-2015 Geophysical Research Letters, 44. click here for personal use pdf file

Lamjiri, M.A., M.D. Dettinger, F.M. Ralph, and B. Guan, 2017: Hourly Storm Characteristics along the U.S. West Coast: Role of Atmospheric Rivers in Extreme Precipitation. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074193. click here for personal use pdf file

Martin, A. C., G. C. Cornwell, S. A. Atwood, K. A. Moore, N. Rothfuss, H. Taylor, P. J. DeMott, S. M. Kreidenweiss, M. D. Petters, and K. A. Prather, 2017: Transport of Pollution to a Remote Coastal Site during Gap Flow from California’s Interior: Impacts on Aerosol Composition, Clouds and Radiative Balance, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 17, 1491–1509, click here for personal use pdf file

Oakley, N.S., J.T. Lancaster, M.L. Kaplan, and F.M. Ralph, 2017: Synoptic conditions associated with cool season post-fire debris flows in the Transverse Ranges of southern California. Natural Hazards, 88, 327, doi:10.1007/s11069-017-2867-6. click here for personal use pdf file

Paltan, H., D. Waliser, W.H. Lim, B. Guan, D. Yamazaki, R. Pant, and S. Dadson, 2017: Global floods and water availability driven by atmospheric rivers. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL074882. click here for personal use pdf file

Polade S.D., A. Gershunov, D.R. Cayan, M.D. Dettinger, and D.W. Pierce, 2017: Precipitation in a warming world: Assessing projected hydro-climate changes in California and other Mediterranean climate regions. Scientific Reports 7: 10783,

Ralph, F.M., M. Dettinger, D. Lavers, I.V. Gorodetskaya, A. Martin, M. Viale, A.B. White, N. Oakley, J. Rutz, J.R. Spackman, H. Wernli, and J. Cordeira, 2017: Atmospheric rivers emerge as a global science and applications focus. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98(9), 1969-1973, click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F.M., and T. Galarneau, 2017: The Chiricahua Gap and the Role of Easterly Water Vapor Transport in Southeastern Arizona Monsoon Precipitation. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18, 2511-2520. click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F., S. Iacobellis, P. Neiman, J. Cordeira, J. Spackman, D. Waliser, G. Wick, A. White, and C. Fairall, 2017: Dropsonde Observations of Total Integrated Water Vapor Transport within North Pacific Atmospheric Rivers. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 18, 2577-2596. click here for personal use pdf file

Sellars, S.L., B. Kawzenuk, P. Nguyen, F.M. Ralph, and S. Sorooshian, 2017: Genesis, pathways, and terminations of intense global water vapor transport in associated with large-scale climate patterns. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL075495. click here for personal use pdf file

Waliser, D., and B. Guan, 2017: Extreme winds and precipitation during landfall of atmospheric rivers. Nature Geoscience, 10(3), 179-183. click here for personal use pdf file

Young, A.M., K.T. Skelly, and J. Cordeira, 2017: High-impact hydrologic events and atmospheric rivers in California: An investigation using the NCEI Storm Events Database. Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL073077. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M.D., 2016: Historical and future relations between large storms and droughts in California. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, 14(2). doi:10.15447/sfews.2016v14iss2art2. click here for personal use pdf file

Guan, B., D.E. Waliser, F.M. Ralph, E.J. Fetzer and P.J. Neiman, 2016: Hydrometeorological characteristics of rain-on-snow events associated with atmospheric rivers. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 2964-2973. doi:10.1002/2016GL067978. click here for personal use pdf file

Lavers, D.A., D.E. Waliser, F.M. Ralph and M.D. Dettinger, 2016: Predictability of horizontal water vapor transport relative to precipitation: Enhancing situational awareness for forecasting Western U.S. extreme precipitation and flooding. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 2275-2282. doi:10.1002/2016GL067765. click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P.J., B.J. Moore, A.B. White, G.A. Wick, J. Aikins, D.L. Jackson, J.R. Spackman and F.M. Ralph, 2016: An airborne and ground-based study of a long-lived and intense atmospheric river impacting California during the CalWater-2014 Early-Start field campaign. Monthly Weather Review, 144, 1115-1144. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-15-0319.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F.M., J.M. Cordeira, P.J. Neiman and M. Hughes, 2016: Extreme Daily Precipitation in the Northern California Upper Sacramento River Watershed Requires a Combination of a Landfalling Atmospheric River and a Sierra Barrier Jet. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 17, 1904-1915. doi: click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F.M., K. Prather, D. Cayan, J.R. Spackman, P. Demott, M. Dettinger, C. Fairall, R. Leung, D. Rosenfeld, S. Rutledge, D. Waliser, A. White, J. Cordeira, A. Martin, J. Helly and J. Intieri, 2016: CalWater Field Studies Designed to Quantify the Roles of Atmospheric Rivers and Aerosols in Modulating U.S. West Coast Precipitation in a Changing Climate. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(7), 1209-1228, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00043.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Coplen, T.B., P.J. Neiman, A.B. White and F.M. Ralph, 2015: Categorisation of Northern California rainfall for periods with and without a radar bright band using stable isotopes and a novel automated precipitation collector. Tellus B, 67, 1-48. doi:10.3402.tellusb.v67.28574. click here for personal use pdf file

Creamean, J.M., A.P. Ault, A.B. White, P.J. Neiman, F.M. Ralph, P. Minnis and K.A. Prather, 2015: Impact of interannual variations in sources of insoluble aerosol species on orographic precipitation over California’s central Sierra Nevada. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15, 6535-6548. doi:10.5194/acp-15-6535-2015. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M., 2015: Sturm und Drang -- California’s Remarkable Storm-Drought Connection. Hydrolink, 1, 21-22. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M.D., F.M. Ralph and D.A. Lavers, 2015: Setting the stage for a global science of atmospheric rivers -- The Scripps Institution of Oceanography International Atmospheric Rivers Workshop; La Jolla, California, 15–17 June 2015. EOS Earth and Space Science News, 96(1). doi:10.1029/2015EO038675. click here for web article

Lavers, D.A., F.M. Ralph, D.E. Waliser, A. Gershunov and M.D. Dettinger, 2015: Climate change intensification of horizontal water vapor transport in CMIP5. Geophysical Research Letters, 42. doi:10.1002/2015GL064672. click here for personal use pdf file

Mahoney, K., F.M. Ralph, K. Wolter, N. Doesken, M. Dettinger, D. Gottas, T. Coleman and A. White, 2015: Climatology of Extreme Daily Precipitation in Colorado and Its Diverse Spatial and Seasonal Variability. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16, 781-792. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-14-0112.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Rutz, J.J., J.W. Steenburgh and F.M. Ralph, 2015: The Inland Penetration of Atmospheric Rivers over Western North America: A Lagrangian Analysis. Monthly Weather Review, 143, 1924-1944. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-14-00288.1. click here for personal use pdf file

White, A.B., P.J. Neiman, J.M. Creamean, T. Coleman, F.M. Ralph and K.A. Prather, 2015: The Impacts of California’s San Francisco Bay Area Gap on Precipitation Observed in the Sierra Nevada during HMT and CalWater. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16, 1048–1069. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-14-0160.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Creamean, J.M., C. Lee, T.C. Hill, A.P. Ault, P.J. DeMott, A.B. White, F.M. Ralph and K.A. Prather, 2014: Chemical properties of insoluble precipitation residue particles. Journal of Aerosol Science, 76, 13-27. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M.D., and D. Cayan, 2014: Drought and the California delta - a matter of extremes. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, 12(2), 7 p. doi:10.15447/sfews.2014v12iss2art4. click here for personal use pdf file

Gorodetskaya, I.V., M. Tsukernik, K. Claes, F.M. Ralph, W.D. Neff and N.P.M. Van Lipzig, 2014: The role of atmospheric rivers in anomalous snow accumulation in East Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 6199-6206. click here for personal use pdf file

Guirguis, K., A. Gershunov, A. Tardy and R. Basu, 2014: The Impact of Recent Heat Waves on Human Health in California. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 3-19. click here for personal use pdf file

Hughes, M., K.M. Mahoney, P.J. Neiman, B.J. Moore, M. Alexander and F.M. Ralph, 2014: The landfall and inland penetration of a flood-producing atmospheric river in Arizona. Part II: Sensitivity of modeled precipitation to terrain height and atmospheric river orientation. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1954-1974. click here for personal use pdf file

Matrosov, S.Y., F.M. Ralph, P.J. Neiman and A.B. White, 2014: Quantitative assessment of operational weather radar rainfall estimates over California’s Northern Sonoma County using HMT-West data. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 393–410. click here for personal use pdf file

Neff, W., G. Compo, F.M. Ralph and M.D. Shupe, 2014: Continental heat anomalies and the extreme melting of the Greenland ice surface in 2012 and 1889. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres , 119(11), 6520-6536. click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P.J., F.M. Ralph, B.J. Moore and R.J. Zamora, 2014: The regional influence of an intense Sierra Barrier Jet and landfalling atmospheric river on orographic precipitation in northern California: A case study. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15, 1419-1439. click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P.J., G.A. Wick, B.J. Moore, F.M. Ralph, J.R. Spackman and B. Ward, 2014: An Airborne Study of an Atmospheric River over the Subtropical Pacific during WISPAR: Dropsonde Budget-Box Diagnostics and Precipitation Impacts in Hawaii. Monthly Weather Review, 142(9), 3199-3223, DOI:10.1175/MWR-D-13-00383.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F.M., M.D. Dettinger, A. White, D. Reynolds, D. Cayan, T. Schneider, R. Cifelli, K. Redmond, M. Anderson, F. Gehrke, J. Jones, K. Mahoney, L. Johnson, S. Gutman, V. Chandrasekar, J. Lundquist,, N. Molotch, L. Brekke, R. Pulwarty, J. Horel, L. Schick, A. Edman, P. Mote, J. Abatzaglou, R. Pierce and G. Wick, 2014: A vision for future observations for Western U.S. extreme precipitation and flooding. Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education, 153, 16-32. click here for personal use pdf file

Rutz, J. J., W. J. Steenburgh, and F. M. Ralph, 2014: Climatological characteristics of atmospheric rivers and their inland penetration over the Western United States. Monthly Weather Review, 142, 905-921. click here for personal use pdf file

Sukovich, E.M., F.M. Ralph, F.E. Barthold, D.W. Reynolds and D.R. Novak, 2014: Extreme quantitative precipitation forecast performance at the Weather Prediction Center from 2001 to 2011. Weather and Forecasting, 29, 894-911. click here for personal use pdf file

Cordeira, J.M., F.M. Ralph, and B.J. Moore, 2013: The development and evolution of two atmospheric rivers in proximity to western North Pacific tropical cyclones in October 2010. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 4234-4255. click here for personal use pdf file

Creamean, J.M., K.J. Suski, D. Rosenfeld, A. Cazorla, P.J. DeMott, R.C. Sullivan, A.B. White, F.M. Ralph, P. Minnis, J.M. Comstock, J.M. Tomlinson, and K.A. Prather, 2013: Dust and biological aerosols from the Sahara and Asia influence precipitation in the western U.S. Science, 339, 1572-1578. click here for personal use pdf file

Das, T., E. P. Maurer, D. W. Pierce, M. D. Dettinger and D. R. Cayan, 2013: Increases in flood magnitudes in California under warming climates. Journal of Hydrology, 501, 101-110. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.07.042 click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M. D., 2013: Atmospheric rivers as drought busters on the US west coast. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 1721-1732. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-13-02.1. click here for personal use pdf file

Dettinger, M. D., and B. L. Ingram, 2013: The coming megafloods. Scientific American, 308(1), 64-71. click here for personal use pdf file

Iacobellis, S. F., and D. R. Cayan, 2013: The variability of California summertime marine stratus: Impacts on surface air temperatures. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, doi/10.1002/jgrd.50652 click here for personal use pdf file

Kingsmill, D.E., P.J. Neiman, B.J. Moore, M. Hughes, S.E. Yuter, and F.M. Ralph, 2013: Kinematic and thermodynamic structures of Sierra barrier jets and overrunning atmospheric rivers during a land-falling winter storm in northern California. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 2015-2036. click here for personal use pdf file

Matrosov, S. Y., 2013: Characteristics of Landfalling Atmospheric Rivers Inferred from Satellite Observations over the Eastern North Pacific Ocean. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 3757–3768. doi: click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P. J., M. Hughes, B.J. Moore, F.M. Ralph, and E.S. Sukovich, 2013: Sierra barrier jets, atmospheric rivers, and precipitation characteristics in northern California: A composite perspective based on a network of wind profilers. Monthly Weather Review, 141, 4211-4233, doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-13-00112.1 click here for personal use pdf file

Neiman, P. J., F. M. Ralph, B. J. Moore, M. Hughes, K. M. Mahoney, J. M. Cordeira, M. D. Dettinger, 2013: The Landfall and Inland Penetration of a Flood-Producing Atmospheric River in Arizona. Part I: Observed Synoptic-Scale, Orographic, and Hydrometeorological Characteristics. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 460–484, doi: click here for personal use pdf file

Pierce, D.W., T. Das, D.R. Cayan, E.P. Maurer, N.L. Miller, Y. Bao, M. Kanamitsu, K. Yoshimura, M.A. Snyder, L.C. Sloan, G. Franco and M. Tyree, 2013: Probabilistic estimates of future changes in California temperature and precipitation using statistical and dynamical downscaling. Climate Dynamics, 40, 839-856. doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1337-9 click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F. M., T. Coleman, P. J. Neiman, R. J. Zamora, M. D. Dettinger, 2013: Observed Impacts of Duration and Seasonality of Atmospheric-River Landfalls on Soil Moisture and Runoff in Coastal Northern California. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14, 443–459. doi: click here for personal use pdf file

Ralph, F. M., and co-authors, 2013: The emergence of weather-related test beds linking research and forecasting operations. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94,1187-1211, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00080.1 click here for personal use pdf file

White, A. B., and co-authors, 2013: A Twenty-First-Century California observing network for monitoring extreme weather events. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 1585-1603, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00217.1 click here for personal use pdf file

Wick, G.A., P.J. Neiman, and F.M. Ralph, 2013: Description and validation of an automated objective technique for identification and characterization of the integrated water vapor signature of atmospheric rivers. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 51, 2166-2176. click here for personal use pdf file

Wick, G.A., P.J. Neiman, F.M. Ralph, and T.M. Hamill, 2013: Evaluation of forecasts of the water vapor signature of atmospheric rivers in operational numerical weather prediction models. Weather and Forecasting, 28, 1337-1352. click here for personal use pdf file